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Castles in Sevilla

Alcala de Guadaira Castle

Castles in Sevilla

Alcala de Guadaira Castle

The Alcala de Guadaira Castle is founded in 1280 by Alfonso X, in order to populate the hill of the fortress of Qalat Yabir, conquered from the Andalusians by Fernando III in 1247. Whith this, it was intended to have a stable population in this enclave, which could control the passage of the Guadaira durnin the Benimerine raids at the end of the 13th century

Initially, the town was located in the upper part of Cerro del Castillo, to the east of it (Santa María collation), expanding during the 14th century along the southwest slope of the hill (San Miguel collation).

Currently, the space of the town, delimited by its walls, is deeply transformed in its upper sector, as a result of the earthworks and terraces made in the middle of the 20th century on the occasion of the implantation in the Cerro del Castillo of the Feria de Alcalá. Despite this, we know some information about the structure and chronology of the town, through archaeological and documentary sources.

The Villa of Alcalá, in the province of Seville, was organized in large blocks around the Church of Santa María, following a regular layout, typical of a new foundation. Each block housed one or more houses, built in masonry and centralized by patios with brick flooring, around which the rooms were arranged. The complex had few windows to the outside, following the Sevillian late medieval construction technique.

The Alcala de Guadaira Castle consists of several buildings and dominates the entire town from the top of the hill. It has an irregular plan with two patios, the wall consists of eleven towers, of which nine have an irregular plan and two are polygonal. In the courtyard is the Alcazar or Palace.

Alcalá de Guadaíra, Sevilla province.

Alcala de Guadaira Castle

Alcala de Guadaira Castle

Alcala de Guadaira Castle

Alcala de Guadaira Castle Alcala de Guadaira Castle

Medieval Fortress


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