Alcalá de los Gazules
Alcalá de los Gazules
This municipality is located right in the heart of the Nature Reserve of Los Alcornocales (Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales) and on the Ruta del Toro (Route of the Bull), Alcala de los Gazules provides an attractive tourist offer that combines the charm of its natural landscape with the traces of its history. Alcala of the Gazules is located in the countryside of Medina, 70 Km from the capital. It´s integrated in the Ruta del Toro, in the middle of the province. Its old quarter was declared Historic- Artistic Site in 1.984.
The history of Alcala of the Gazules may date back to the Upper Paleolithic, keeping cave engravings like the ” Taja de los Hierros”, and many polished stones and axes that give evidence of it. Nevertheless, the first stable inhabitants settled in the Mesa del Esparragal, where the ” Lascuta’s Bronze ” (189 before Christ) was found , the first Roman inscription of Spain, kept today in the Museum of the Louvre. With the visigothic, the village took on a new character dating from this period both the current tower of the Mesa del Esparragal and the missing hermitage of los Santos Nuevos, where the relics of the Saint martys Servando, Germán, Saturnino, Justa and Rufina, as well as the precursor San Juan, which are kept nowadays – next to the stone plaques that identifie them – in the Parish church of San Jorge.
After the Muslim conquest the village was called ” Qalat at Yazula “, or ” Castillo de los Gazules “, when it was handed over to the family or tribe of the same name by the king of Granada. During the emiral and caliphal periods it was included in the cora of Algeciras, from this period the remains of the Castle still survive.
In 1264 the city is reconquered by Christian army of Alfonso X El Sabio, who is the first one to name the village “Alcalá de los Gazules” in his “Chronicle”, years later it started to depend on the Lordship of los Ribera, Dukes of Alcala, who provided secular sponsorship building churches and convents such as the Parish church of San Jorge, Santo Domingo, San Francisco (La Victoria), Las Clarisas…..
The contemporary epoch begins for Alcala with the presence of the French, who on their departure blew up the until then intact Castle. In June, 1876, Alfonso XII grants the title of City to it in recognition of its progress in population, trade and industry.
In 1985 the winding path of its old quarter streets were declared “Historic – artistic Site “, so much for having a significant group of exceptional examples of baroque, neoclassic, eclectic and popular architecture buildings as for keeping its Andalusian profile and appearance.
Monuments in Alcalá de los Gazules
Town Hall House
San Jorge Church
Santa Clara Convent
San Francisco Church
Fountain of the Salada
Santo Domingo Convent
Roman Deposits of La Salada
Deposit of the Laja de los Hierros
Roman Deposit of the Esparragal
Rest of the Castle and the Muslin Walls
Hermitage – Sanctuary of Our Lady of the Saints
The gastronomy has its main ingredients in its produce. The most representative dishes are based on wild products of the field, though we shouldn´t forget neither the game products (high & low hunting), nor the desserts.
From its well-known dishes stand out the hot gazpacho (similar to the tomato soup), the cabbages, the asparagus soups and the meat stews.
How to get there
From Cadiz: take the N-443 road, up to the town of Puerto Real . Then take the regional road CA-2012 towards the town of Paternal of Rivera. Link up with the A-381 highway at the crossing of Pedroso, towards Alcala of the Gazules / Algeciras. Finally take the detour of the regional road C-440 until our destination.
Distances from Alcalá de los Gazules
Cádiz 70 km
Medina 25 km
Barbate 60 km
Algeciras 55 km
Paterna de Rivera 18 km
San José del Valle 18 km
Benalup-Casas Viejas 18 km
Vejer de la Frontera 50 km
Conil de la Frontera 60 km
Arcos de la Frontera 50 km
El Puerto Sta. María 60 km
Jerez de la Frontera 55 km
Sanlúcar de Barrameda 80 km
Chiclana de la Frontera 50 km
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