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Castles in Granada, Guadix Monuments

Alcazaba de Guadix

Castles in Granada, Guadix Monuments

Alcazaba de Guadix

The Alcazaba de Guadix, one of the most important of the Granada kingdom, stands on the highest point of the Islamic medina, near the Santiago Church & Monastery, the Santo Domingo Church and the San Miguel Church. Although some authors believe that its construction dates from the 8th century, Gómez Moreno is of the opinion that its current structure is later and dates from the 13th century. It adjoins the south face of the walls which enclosed the city and with its 400 metre perimeter covers an area of somewhat more than a hectare.

The fortress is structured into three precincts with the central one being enclosed by the two outer ones. The central space is heavily fortified with a three tower system, two of which are joined by a crenellated adarve or walkway, and a monumental keep. On the southern side is the second precint which also once had three defensive towers. Unlike the other two, the northern wall of the third precint had no bastions as it role was to separate the alcazaba and the medina.

After the reconquest the castle was occupied by the Christian military authorities, and at the end of the 15th century one of its governors was Don Fernando de Mendoza. At the beginning of the 16th century, the Crown granted part of the land occupied by the alcazaba to the Pérez de Barradas family, who constructed a palace there. Despite the fact that this led to a reduction in space, the alcazaba continued to have a military role up until well into the 18th century.

Alcazaba de Guadix


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