Almeria – Cathedral of Nuestra Señora de la Encarnacion
Cathedral of Nuestra Señora de la Encarnacion
Almería, the Roman Portus Magnus, come to be, centuries later Mariyat Bayyana (Bayana´s watchtower). It was the place where the harbour and watchtower of the Muslim city which bore that name could be found. Some kilometers up the Andarax River, near the present villages of Pechina and El Chuche. As time went by, Bayana declined, while Almería grew in importance, unteil in 955 Abderahman III ordered it to be walled, and to build its fortress (Alcazaba) and Main Mosque. The old, small settlement was organised as a medina, and so was born the definitive city of Almeria, which in 1469 was annexed to the Crown of Castile.
We can have pleasant walks along the newly pedestrianized streets in the old city, that will ley us to come into contact with the quarters which are heirs to that past, and their main historical remains, the Alcazaba (arab fortress), St. John´s Church, the Cathedral-Fortress, the Old Square or the Cable Inglés (Iron ore loading platform) being the most outstanding ones among many other interesting features.
This Way from a Cathedral to another makes clear, that, even with such a different construction (as the needs and circumstances of Almeria and Santiago at the time of the building of each one of their Cathedrals were different), they were driven by the same political, social and religious feeling. In this view, to travel along the longest diagonal line on the Iberian Peninsula highlights the interest of this Mozarab Way of St. James.
We shall be rurrounded by semidesert ladscape, which make a stark contract to the green of croplands and riversides, and by loneliness of the old roads, inextricably linked to the riverbeds to make the true veins of our geography.
Doubtlessly, this cultural route, no matter each one´s religious beliefs, will help us to find our deepest being, alone or in our closest persons company, and meet a great number of people from the villages and the Way who, surely, will help us to accomplish our task.