Alpujarra de la Sierra
Alpujarra de la Sierra, Sierra Nevada Natural Park
The municipality of Alpujarra de la Sierra is part of the Natural Park of Sierra Nevada, found on the on the south side, and has been integrated, since 1975, with the towns of Mecina Bombarón, Yegen and the village of El Golco, Mecina Bombarón being the principal town of the municipality,and where the ayuntamiento can be found. The municipality limits with Lanteira, Válor, Ugíjar, Cádiar y Bérchules.
It is thought that the first settlers of La Alpujarra were African tribes who were descendants of ethnic tribes from the Neolithic period who settled in the lands of the strip between theSierra Nevadas and the Mediterranean. Proofs of this are the examples of polished axes, stone knives and other items of the Neolithic era found at Messina Bombarón, Bérchules and Mairena. Around 1200 BC, Tartesians settled in the foothills of Sierra Nevadas, exploited the mines and farmed the valleys. Next came the Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians, but their stay in these lands would be very short lived, and soon after came the Romans.
However, the story of the Alpujarra relies mainly on the period of Muslim rule because of their advanced techniques of the use of the land and other natural resources.
The Arabs managed irrigated agriculture using sophisticated irrigation systems, some of which are still in use to this day. Many of the cultural traits that have shaped the unique folklore of the region come from this time.
The part of the history best documented is the uprising of the Moors in the Alpujarras in 1568. The Catholic Monarchs had set out established terms with the Islamic population, which respected their property, freedom of morals and religion, but discontent was widespread and uprisings continuous. On Christmas Eve of 1568 there was a rebellion in which Don Fernando de Valor, a local landowner was proclamed leader of the rebels and took the name Aben Humeya. The following year, after much unrest among the rebels he was killed, his second in command, Diego Lopez, taking over. He took the name Aben Aboo, although he was known historically by the cruel name “The Reyecillo” and was hated by his enemies and his by own supporters, having betrayed his cousin. He led the Moorish rebellion for over a year and a half, and finally died on March 15, 1571, in a cave between Mecina Bombarón and Bérchules. The uprising was put down, the Moors expelled, and the region almost deserted, so in order to alleviate the serious economic situation, Felipe II decreed that the Alpujarras should be repopulated by about 2000 families from Galicia, León, Asturias and ohter areas of Spain.
Alpujarra de la Sierra Monuments
Roman bridge at Bombarón Mecina.
Iglesia de San Miguel Arcangel (Church of San Miguel Archangel, Mecina Bombarón, XVI century building which has undergone successive reforms).
Remains of medieval castle Piedra Fuerte, Caliphate Epoch, in Yegen.
Iglesia Parroquial deYegen (Parish Church XVI century) an old paneled mosque.
Lavadera La Camellona, in Yegen. (laundry)
Fuente de los Tres Canos, in Yegen.
A beautiful town, typical of the Alpujarras, with little concession to modernity.
Remains of hydraulic flour mills.
Alpujarra de la Sierra Gastronomy
Here you can enjoy the exquisite Alarcón Migas named in honor of the writer Pedro Antonio de Alarcon, who was delighted with the Migas of the area, which consists of bread crumbs cooked with virgin olive oil, garlic and chorizo. Other typical dishes are fennel casserole, ‘garlic quemao stew’ ‘gachas de caldo colorao’, guisaillo mantazero, chestnut soup, donuts and a variety of sweets of Moorish origin.
Take the N-323 (Bailen-Motril) towards Motril. Past Lecrín take the right turn leading to Lanjarón (C333). After a few miles pass through Órgiva and cross the bridge to join the main road towards Torvizcón and Cadiar and then pass a crossroads, take the next right, pass Bérchules to reach Alpujarra de la Sierra.
An alternative route from Granada is to take the A-92 to Guadix, (it is recommended to visit the eastern part ofGuadix), and follow directions to Almeria where after few miles head towards Calahorra and after entering the village take a left towards Puerto de la Ragua (C-331), snow chains are recommended in winter. Following this road we reach Laroles, at the crossroads turn right to continue on to Mairena, Mecina Alfahar, Valor and Yegen and after 5 km. Mecina Bombarón.
Distances from Alpujarra de la Sierra
Yátor 10 km
Cádiar 8 km
Ugíjar 18 km
Yegen 5,5 km
Cojáyar 31 km
Almería 99 km
Málaga 151 km
Granada 102 km
Jorairátar 26 km
Bérchules 8,5 km