Arboretum of El Colmenar
Arboretum of El Colmenar – Cortes de la Frontera
The Arboretum of El Colmenar is located just few minutes from El Colmenar of Cortes de la Frontera, on the MA-512.
The history of the Arboretum of El Colmenar dates from the beginning of the 20th C., when a forestry engineer, Eladio Caro, carried out a research project in El Colmenar to discriminate the best adapted species of Eucalyptus to produce wood in our mountains.
According to the initial project, 71 species of different Eucalyptus were counted, this becoming this Arboretum the most important one in Spain.
Today, even though some species have been lost and some others have been hybridized or mixed, the big majority of the initial species still stands. It has created a unique environment ideal to walk around and enjoy yourself.
Eucalyptus is the generic name for designating every species of eucalyptus. The number of different species amounts to 700, most of them coming from Australia and introduced in Europe from the 18th C, on. The first plantations in Spain were done in Galicia in the middle of the 19th C.
These trees are very much appreciated in the construction and paper sectors, since they grow quickly and are large in size they can even measure more than 60 m. Nevertheless, the most important trait of the Eucalyptus is the natural essential oil obtained from the leaves, very effective against the respiratory system diseases and as disinfectant.
Arboretum of El Colmenar Itinerary
This itinerary is perfectly accesible for people with reduced mobility. It goes along the central part of the Arboretum of El Colmenar and enables you to know some of the most significant species of eucalyptus: E. maidenii, E. resinifera, E. robusta, E. camaldulensis, E. longifolia, E. melliodora, E. gunni and E. paniculata.
We can also see some other species as ash trees (Fraxinus angustifolia), laurels (Laurus nobilis), wild olive trees (Olea europaea var. sylvestris), palm trees from the Canary Islands (Phoenix canariensis), carob trees (Ceratonia siliqua) and fig trees (Ficus carica).