Arjonilla, Campiña Region – Jaen
Arjonilla is a farming village, because all its area is agricultural land dominated by the olive grove, and it has been developed a powerful oil mil industry. We can find good quality, variety and style decorative pottery and the pottery for the building is an important industrial and craft activity.
During the most of its history, it belonged to Arjona until it was sold to its inhabitants in the farmhouse of Pelpite.
Arjonilla has uncertain origins and we only know that in the XVII century in the village existed a hospital, three old people’s homes and good provided schools.
The first human settlements date from the Prehistoric Age, particularly in the village of Cerro Venate.
During the Roman Age it was inhabited by the site of Herrerías, just like in the Visigoth Age.
In the Al-Andalus period the town belonged to the same unit as Arjona.
The Christian conquest was carried out by Fernando III. It would be separated from Arjona because it was donated to Gonzalo Pérez. In 1397 it belonged to Ruy López Dávalos and later to his son, Marqués de Villena.
In 1553 Arjonilla received the title of Villa by Carlos I.
During the War of Spanish Succession, at the beginning of the XVIII century, it took part in the side of Felipe V contributing with men.
In the War of Independence, in Amarguillos was a skirmish against the French.
At the beginning of the XX century, it starts the industrial activity favoured by the installation of the railway.
Church of La Encarnación, XVI century. Gothic style. Inside it we can observe an alterpiece with sculptures of Gaspar de Becerra.
Hermitage of Jesus. Its front if from the XVIII century. Inside we can observe the side-chapel of Jesus with paintings in its vault from the XVIII century.
Hermitages of San Roque, Soledad, Jesus Nazareno and Santiago.
Hermitage of Virgen de la Cabeza, XVI century. Mudejar style. Inside we can observe the Mudejar roof.
Arjonilla Archaeological Sites
Castle of Macías, el Enamorado, VIII century. A castle with Arab origin. Its name comes from a legendary act occurred with Hernán Pérez who run Macías through with a lance after he tried to run away with his dear wife. It also keeps the tower and canvas of walls.
Cerro Venate. A Neolithic village.
Cerro del Almendro. A pottery from Roman Age.
New industrial estate. Remains of files and pottery firing from I or II century.
San Antón. Where there were found Roman coins.
Las Herrerías. A Visigoth village where appeared sarcophagus and a tombstone.
Arches and fronts made of pottery.
Court or Old Town Hall, from the beginning of XVII century. From the old Town Hall there is only a front.
Gazpacho (cold Andalusian soup), the salmorejo, fried breadcrumbs and ropavieja. It is typical in the village that people eat stew of beans with aubergines, August16, feast of the patron saint San Roque, in compliance with the Vow took to the saint in 1602, due to the freedom of the village from the plague.
How to get there
You have to exit Jaén and continue through the road J-14. In the roundabout, take the exit 2 and continue through E-902 / A-44 towards Bailén – Madrid. Continue through the Motorway A-316 towards Torredelcampo – Córdoba. Take the exit towards the Exit 60 – Jaén (Centre) – Fuerte del Rey – Andújar. Continue through the Motorway A-311 towards Fuerte del Rey. Then cross Lahiguera and continue through the road JV-2301 and continue until you get Arjona. Once in Arjona, Arjonilla is located to 8 km.
Distances from Arjonilla
Jaén 45 km
Bailén 36 km
Lopera 14 km
Andújar 10 km
Porcuna 16 km
Mengíbar 33 km
Marmolejo 14 km
Pedro Abad 41 km
Villa del Río 25 km
Baños de la Encina 46 km
Villanueva de la Reina 22 km