Baena, White Village in Córdoba
Baena is an important and beautiful white village in the province of Cordoba, and is typically Andalusian. It is located to the southeast, between la Campina and the subbetica foothills, about 62 km. from the capital. It has a current population of around twenty thousand inhabitants. Speaking of Baena is to talk about agriculture and specifically olives, from which is obtained one of the best oils in the world and for which the area was already known during Roman rule.
Baena is situated on a hill and stretches across the slopes to the plain, formed of compact winding, narrow streets with traditional houses and mansions in the old town in the higher part of the town and in the lower part is the more modern area. It is believed that the entire region where Baena currently has been was occupied since prehistoric times. Its foundation has been attributed to los túrdulos, in the sixth century BC, giving the town the name of Martola.
There have also been found many archaeological remains of Iberian/Roman occupation. Different historians have identified the town as “Iponuca” (Son-nova) from Pliny, in the nearby Cerro de Minguillar. Under the Romans, Julius Caesar dignified the town with the name of Julia Regia. The Visigoths destroyed the settlement, regrouping the population in the ancient Roman villa.
In the eighth century it was the Arabs who conquered it, identifying it with the name of Bayyana. During the period of Muslim domination, the town grew around the castle and in the ninth century, hosted the rebellion of Umar Ibn Hafsun Muladi, who was later defeated. In the tenth century the town reached the rank of provincial capital.
In the year 1241 it was occupied by covenant, by Ferdinand III, in 1394, it became the estate of Diego Fernandez de Cordova, count of Cabra, a dynasty in the mid-sixteenth century, the duchy of Sessa, following the marriage of Luis Fernandez de Cordoba with the Duchess of this title, Elvira Fernández de Córdoba. Currently, few Arab ruins remain of what was once imposing fortress of the caliphs. Across these ruins lies the modern Baena, with wide boulevards and a cosmopolitan look.
Its long history has allowed the conservation of many monuments, especially churches. It is noteworthy, finally, for Semana Santa (Holy Week), which goes beyond the strictly religious, performing the symbolic integration of the community, showing two sides, Jews and white-tailed Colinegros, who play their drums at different times.
Iglesia de Santa Maria La Mayor (Church of Santa Maria Mayor)
Iglesia de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe (Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe)
Iglesia de San Bartolome (Church of San Bartolomé)
Iglesia Conventual de Madre de Dios (Convent Church of Mother of God)
San Francisco Convent
Casa de la Tercia
Guadajoz river terraces (Neolithic).
Reservoir and Sanctuary Torreparedones (Ibero-Roman).
Minguillar hill where is located the town of Iponuba (Ibero-Roman).
Hill of the mills (Iberian).
Andalusian Izcar (Ibero, Roman and Visigothic).
Casa de la Tercia
Municipal Historical Museum
Scrambled egg “Baenense” which combines different vegetables with egg.
Flamenquines: beef rolls stuffed with egg, ham and other ingredients.
Salmorejo: cold sauce made of olive oil, tomatoes, bread, garlic.
Cortijo Panetillos: Traditional almond pastry whose manufacturing process is kept secret, along with orange slices with honey and olive oil and is one of the most typical desserts in the area.
Pestiños: Dulce (sweet) which is produced mainly in the period of Lent.
Gachas: Prepared primarily at the time of all saints.
Muffins of the Nuns in the convent of Madre de Dios, and it is thought these muffins are available having been developed by the Dominicans.
Olive Oil: Baena has been named one of the most important designations of origin, and the oil can be purchased at any of the cooperatives and oil mills in the locality.
Wines: Fino Baena and Fino Cancionero, the latter has been awarded several medals, under the Denomination of Origion Montilla-Moriles.
Out of Cordoba. At the roundabout take the 2nd exit Continue along: Road towards Granada. Continue: N-432. Passing Santa Cruz and Castro del Rio. Arrive at Baena.
Distances from Baena
Luque 9.5 km
Espejo 26 km
Alcaudete 27 km
A Carcabuey 31 km
Nueva Carteya 17 km
Castro del Río 18 km
Priego de Cordoba 31 km