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Villages in Jaen


Villages in Jaen

Baeza – World Heritage

Baeza is located in the centre of the province; it is part of the region La Loma and Las Villas, of which it is in the southwest extreme. The town, that is famous because of the Renaissance splendour of its monuments, is an influence centre of the western municipalities.

Baeza limits with Ibros, Rus, Úbeda, Begíjar, Mancha Real, Jimena, Bedmar y Garcíez y Jódar.

The farming is its main economic activity together with the olive tree crop and the oil industry, although the monumental and cultural tourism has developed a great innkeeper offer. The absence of no farming lands reduces the spaces of natural interest to the River Guadalquivir (Dam of Pedro Marín) and to the wetlands of Laguna Grande, declared Paraje Natural.

This town is a mine of artistic and historic richness. The origins of Baeza are very ancient and Ptolomeo quotes it with the name of Biatra between the oretanos villages.

During Visigoth age it will be called Biattiensis.

In al-Andalus period it was called Biesa and would be head of the kingdom.

The Christian conquest was carried out in 1146 by the king Alfonso VII. It was given the Fuero de Baeza.

It would be conquested again by Moslems in 1158, passing several times from Arabs to Christians until it was conquested by Fernando III in 1227.

In 1388 it belonged to the Crown. Two centuries after it was separated in the war of Granada.

In XVI century it would have a great economic and cultural development thanks it is located in the middle of fertile land with vegetable gardens, cereals and olive groves.

San Juan de la Cruz was in these lands and finished here its “Cántico espiritual”.

During the revolution of Los Comuneros it takes sides by the rebels against the emperor.

In 1810, near Baeza, the general Castejón was taken prisoner in his confrontation with the troops of Napoleón, during the War of Independence.

In its Secondary School Antonio Machado was teaching French.

Baeza Monuments

Santa Iglesia Catedral
Seminary San Felipe Neri
Church of Santa Cruz
Church of San Pablo
Church of San Andrés
Church of Los Descalzos
Church of El Salvador
Convent La Magdalena
Convent La Encarnación
Convent de San Francisco
Hospital Purísima Concepción
Casa Cofradías
Escribanías Públicas
Arch of Villalar
Fuente de los Leones
Antigua Carniceria
Puerta del Barbudo
Antigua Universidad
Fuente de Santa María
Puerta de Úbeda
Palacio Justicia y Cárcel
Tower of los Aliatares
La Alhóndiga
Balcón del Concejo
Palace de Jabalquinto
Palace Gil Bayle Cabrera
Palace Rubín de Ceballos
School of San Ignacio
Palace of los Elorza
Casa de los Cabrera
Casa de los Acuña
Palace of Sánchez de Valenzuela
Palace of los Salcedo
Colegio de Santiago


The agricultural produce is very important in Baeza. We can mention the Artichokes with bread rolls, the Cod in the style of Baeza with a fried onion and tomato with sweet red pepper and pine kernels, and the Cocido mareado.

In Easter we can eat the Stews, a dish of beans and boiled chickpeas, knead with onions, aubergines and tomatoes and garnished with pine kernels and sesame.

With regard to sweets, the oatmeal porridges, the pies of pumpkin and syrup or the fruits pâté. All with brandy of grapes or of morello cherries. We can also mention the Ochíos of bread and oil, the Easter pies, a traditional mouthful in Easter.

How to get there

You have to exit Jaén and continue in the road J-14, then take the Motorway A-316 towards Mancha Real – Baeza – Úbeda. Alleyway of Puente Nuevo and you get Baeza.

Distances from Baeza

Jaén 53 km
Ibros 5 km
Begíjar 7 km
Lupión 8 km
Úbeda 11 km
Mármol 11 km
Canena 9,5 km
La Yedra 5,5 km
Villapardillo 8 km
Puente del Obispo 9,5 km

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