Cabra del Santo Cristo
Cabra del Santo Cristo
Cabra del Santo Cristo is located in the south-east area of Jaén, between the Subbética and the depression of Guadix-Baza, in the south-east of the Parque Natural de Sierra Mágina, in front of the Cazorla and the Pozo, up to where you can arrive in not much time across forest trails, crossing the River Guadiana Menor. It is at 943 metres above sea level and it has 2.280 inhabitants, but in the fifties it had about 7.000, but due to different determining factors, the town has been much decimated in the last decades.
The first remains of the human presence in Cabra del Santo Cristo go back to II millennium B.C, it is about a whole of objects that belonged to the dowry of a collective burial in the Bronze Age, found in a cave of this town. Failing studies from the oldest ages of this town, we only have to say that during the Iberian Period there was an exchange of products that from Granada opened to the Valley of the Guadalquivir. During the Roman Period should be scattered populations in this town because of the proliferation of little farming exploitations.
We can observe remains of an important fortification in the hill of San Juan, that dates from the Islamic settlement; and that the investigators have identified with the fortress of Bagtawira, quoted like one of the properties of b. Habil, a muladi family who was against the emirs from Córdoba at the end of IX century and at the beginning of the X, and who were subjected to the emir ´Abd al-Rahman III.
In 1245 Cabra del Santo Cristo was conquered by Fernando III and some years later Alfonso X ceded it to the Council of Úbeda. But until 1492 Úbeda could not dispose of the town with entire liberty. This order became definite in a gradual settlement of cattle in these lands until a little village were built and that provoked the appearance of a little village and designated two mayors and two town councillors. These stockbreeders had a tribute of eight millions of maravedís (old Spanish coin) in return for it they were given one hundred cuerdas (measurement) of lands each one. In 1561 fifty inhabitants more asked to Felipe II for the same advantages like the previous ones. The king agreed in a letter given in Toledo. Úbeda opposed this royal decision, but the inhabitants of Cabra del Santo Cristo won the lawsuit.
At the beginning of XVII century, a muleteer who carried a box with a canvas arrived Cabra, and he changed the life, appearance and name of this small village and made it an important centre of pilgrimage where people from all Andalucía would come to it. The canvas was a replica of Santo Cristo de Burgos painting that was going to Guadix and when he was admired by the innkeeper called María de Rienda, he cured miraculously a one-armed, and the painting was carried to the parish. When the owner, Jerónimo de San Vitores de la Portilla, claimed its ownership in the presence of his Holiness nuncio, the neighbours of Cabra came to the bishop of Jaén, who persuaded the owner, in exchange for some prebends, in order that the painting remained in Cabra. The Cardinal Moscoso, bishop of Jaén was interested in keeping the image in the village, foresaw a big church built by the famous skilled building craftsman of the bishopric Juan de Aranda. Until these dates this village was called “Cabrilla” but from the miraculous of the canvas it added the religious by-name of Santo Cristo, like it is known nowadays.
This event intermingles with litigation, changes of ownership and jurisdiction that had these lands all through the Modern Period. In XVI century this area was territorial manor of the Marquis Rambla, in XVII century Felipe IV sold the village of Cabra del Santo Cristo, at last viscount of Santo Cristo, and it is not until the end of XVIII century when it appeared like a free villa.
Cabra del Santo Cristo Monuments
Puente de Tierra
Puente de Arroyo Salao
La Encina de Cabra
Cabra del Santo Cristo Gastronomy
Typical dishes: Products from the pork slaughtering (Blood sausages, Hard pork sausages, condumio: a dough made of blood sausages without being stuffed)
Garlic soup (Broth made with a lightly fried of aubergines, red and green roasted peppers)
Andrajos with Hare (Pieces of thin pastry that are cooked with a lightly fried of onion, tomato, dried pepper, garlic, cayenne pepper, potato, olive oil and mint, and with hare meat)
Ajoharina (Broth cooked with a lightly fried in which it is added flour little by little)
Gachas Migas (Made with flour that you eat with fried green peppers, or with cucumber, melon, pomegranates)
Sobrehusa (Fried beans with its skin, garlic, onion, tomato, cayenne pepper and a little of mint)
Carnerillo (Stew in which hard crusts of bread are fried with garlic, onion, tomato and cayenne pepper and added water)
Confectionery: Mantecados (hardy cakes), almendrados, nochebuenos, borrachuelos
Florecillas (Fried dough)
How to get there
You have to exit Jaén and continue in J-14, then take the Motorway A-316 and turn left in E-902 / A-44 towards Granada – Motril. Take the exit towards: exit 59 – Cambil – Huelma. In the roundabout, take the exit 2 and continue via the Motorway A-324 towards Cambil – Huelma – La Cerradura. Crossings of Cambil and Huelma. Continue via the Motorway A-401 and then turn right in JV-3212. You have to follow until arrive Cabra del Santo Cristo.
Distances from Cabra del Santo Cristo
Larva 54 km
Solera 14 km
Huelma 26 km
Bélmez 21 km
Cuadros 33 km
Albánchez de Mágina 43 km
Villalcampo del Moral 18 km
Bélmez de la Moraleda 18 km