Carcabuey, Sierras Subbéticas Region
Carcabuey is a municipality situated in the southeast of the province of Córdoba in the comarca (region) de las Sierras Subbeticas, in a harsh relief where steep hills and olive trees coexist. The town is in the heart of Parque Natural de la Sierra Subbética, which also has the geological appeal of limestone mountains, valleys full of oaks and gall oaks and poplars along the banks of waterways. The scene is of great beauty.
The town of Carcabuey sits in a valley at the foot of the hills, with irregularly shaped buildings on the lower level, divided into narrow sloping streets, with white houses maintained in the style of the region. Across the town are remains of the castillo and below the Iglesia de la Asuncion (Church of the Assumption), which is a most interesting building.
Carcabuey and its comarca, the Subbética Cordobesa is a privileged area in many ways. It is a natural area of passage between East and West Andalusia, connecting Jaen, Granada, Malaga and Sevilla. It has been settled by many and varied cultures forms from the distant past. Abundant natural resources, plants, animals and minerals, along with favourable weather conditions have favoured human settlement since prehistoric times.
The historical origin of the Subbetica Cordobesa is lost in the mists of time.
The rich cultural heritage of the various contributions of the different cultures which settled in this region currently maintains the authenticity of the area.
Our little history begins by visiting the Castillo Arabe de Carcabuey, followed by la Cueva de los Murcielagos in Zuheros, and thence through the cavern or grotto de los Marmoles in Priego and the cavern of the Torre de Luque, and the Iberian town of Cerro de la Cruz (Almedinilla), continuing with the Roman Igabrum (Cabra), Iliturgicolis (Fuente Tójar), the rural settlement of the Roman town of el Ruedo, Ipolcobulcoba (Carcabuey), etc …
Through history the Visigoths and Hispanoromanos have left their mark in Las Mesas, in Sukaelo (a Roman necropolis) Fuente Tójar and late Roman necropolis at El Ruedo in Almedinilla.
All of the province of Betida was crossed by the communication road OBULCOIPAGRO, castles and towers can be seen all along the way.
The Arabs have also left their culture: ACOBITA (Carcabuey) HISNASHAR (Iznájar) ALYUSSANA (Lucena), WASGA (Almedinilla) SUJAYRA (Zuheros) QBRA (Canrat), RUT (Rute), MEDINA BAGU (Priego) all bear witness to the former Islamic glory of the region.
The Reconquista caused many castles to be built, many raised on the ruins of the former Moorish constructions that can be observed in Doña Mencia, Carcabuey, Cabra, Priego, Lucena, Zuheros, Iznajar, and Luque etc.
However, it was during the XVIII century when La Subbética offered up one of the greatest assets of the province: THE BARROCO CORDOBES, a consequence of the economic and commercial euphoria of the eighteenth century. With the advent of this, Priego was transformed into a monumental capital. There are also beautiful monuments of this era, to be found in Lucena, Cabra, Benamejí, Encinas Reales and Palenciana. Reflecting in turn the economic and cultural significance of this century is the emergence of many villages that flourished in the region.
Iglesia Parroquial de Nuestra Senora de la Assuncion (Church of Our Lady of the Assumption), XVI century
Iglesia de San Marcos (Church of San Marcos), XVII century
Ermita de la Virgin del Castillo (Chapel of the Virgen del Castillo), built on the ruins of the castle.
Medieval castle (remains).
Remains of Cerro del Castillo (late Bronze Age).
Cueva de las Siete Simas.
Cortijo de Alguidilla.
Traditional homemade products of the “matanza” (the slaughter of the pigs) are a clear example of local cuisine, taking a place on the table with its derivatives, especially chorizo and black pudding, which offers local varieties like onion sausage meat and ingredients in white basic dishes like bean soup “Ammonas”. Also of note is “rellena de carnaval”.
Another highlight is Revuelta de Patatas or Patatas a lo pobre.A typical dish of the day for jornaleros or day labourers is “Naranjas picas en aciete” (Oranges in Oil) Also Migas and “Chanfainas” typical of the matanza. Salmorejo or Gazpacho with ingredients from the garden are two dishes to taste and not to be forgotten, Subbética is a land of good wine, and there are three municipalities under the denomination of origion Montilla-Moriles, these are Dona Mencia, Lucena and Cabra. These wines will be perfectly suited at the table with olives and dressed olives dressed “alinas” which Carcabuey inhabitants collect and prepare for their own consumption.
Out of Cordoba. Take I-5 / A-4 direction: N-432, Granada, Seville. Continue: A-45 . Take the exit towards: Exit 56, A-340, Lucena (north), Puente Genil. At the roundabout, take exit 1 Continue: A-318 . Passing Lucena. Take A-339. Turn right: C-336 . Arrive at Carcabuey
Cordoba 95 km
Lucena 26 kn
Baena 31 km
Luque 22 km
Dona Mencia 30 km
Zuheros 25 km
Priego de Cordoba 8.5 km
Antequera 70 km