Carcabuey, Sierras Subbéticas Region
Carcabuey is a municipality situated in the southeast of the province of Córdoba in the comarca (region) de las Sierras Subbeticas, in a harsh relief where steep hills and olive trees coexist. The town is in the heart of Parque Natural de la Sierra Subbética, which also has the geological appeal of limestone mountains, valleys full of oaks and gall oaks and poplars along the banks of waterways. The scene is of great beauty.
The town of Carcabuey sits in a valley at the foot of the hills, with irregularly shaped buildings on the lower level, divided into narrow sloping streets, with white houses maintained in the style of the region. Across the town are remains of the castillo and below the Iglesia de la Asuncion (Church of the Assumption), which is a most interesting building.
Carcabuey and its comarca, the Subbética Cordobesa is a privileged area in many ways. It is a natural area of passage between East and West Andalusia, connecting Jaen, Granada, Malaga and Sevilla. It has been settled by many and varied cultures forms from the distant past. Abundant natural resources, plants, animals and minerals, along with favourable weather conditions have favoured human settlement since prehistoric times.
The historical origin of the Subbetica Cordobesa is lost in the mists of time.
The rich cultural heritage of the various contributions of the different cultures which settled in this region currently maintains the authenticity of the area.
Our little history begins by visiting the Castillo Arabe de Carcabuey, followed by la Cueva de los Murcielagos in Zuheros, and thence through the cavern or grotto de los Marmoles in Priego and the cavern of the Torre de Luque, and the Iberian town of Cerro de la Cruz (Almedinilla), continuing with the Roman Igabrum (Cabra), Iliturgicolis (Fuente Tójar), the rural settlement of the Roman town of el Ruedo, Ipolcobulcoba (Carcabuey), etc …
Through history the Visigoths and Hispanoromanos have left their mark in Las Mesas, in Sukaelo (a Roman necropolis) Fuente Tójar and late Roman necropolis at El Ruedo in Almedinilla.
All of the province of Betida was crossed by the communication road OBULCOIPAGRO, castles and towers can be seen all along the way.
The Arabs have also left their culture: ACOBITA (Carcabuey) HISNASHAR (Iznájar) ALYUSSANA (Lucena), WASGA (Almedinilla) SUJAYRA (Zuheros) QBRA (Canrat), RUT (Rute), MEDINA BAGU (Priego) all bear witness to the former Islamic glory of the region.
The Reconquista caused many castles to be built, many raised on the ruins of the former Moorish constructions that can be observed in Doña Mencia, Carcabuey, Cabra, Priego, Lucena, Zuheros, Iznajar, and Luque etc.
However, it was during the XVIII century when La Subbética offered up one of the greatest assets of the province: THE BARROCO CORDOBES, a consequence of the economic and commercial euphoria of the eighteenth century. With the advent of this, Priego was transformed into a monumental capital. There are also beautiful monuments of this era, to be found in Lucena, Cabra, Benamejí, Encinas Reales and Palenciana. Reflecting in turn the economic and cultural significance of this century is the emergence of many villages that flourished in the region.
San Marcos Church
This small and simple church was probably built towards the end of the 16th century and in its interior a beautiful image of Alonso de Mena, the Christ of San Marcos, is preserved.
Asunción Parish Church
It is the main church of the town, the Parish of La Asunción. Its chronology is very wide and its construction began in the sixteenth century and did not end until the eighteenth century, although unfortunately in 1908 it suffered a great fire that destroyed part of the temple.
We can find important carvings of XVII century how is Our Father Jesus Nazareno, the Virgin of Los Dolores, highlighting the carvings of Cristo de las Ánimas and La Dolorosa of the XVII century attributed to the sculptor Alonso de Mena, of the Granada school. All of them taken in a parade in Holy Week, offering great splendour.
Santa Ana Chapel
Small hermitage dated from 1583, dedicated to Santa Ana, co-patron saint of the town next to the Virgin del Castillo. Highlight the image of the Virgin of the Aurora, which is taken in a parade every year as the owner of the festivities.
Formerly called Fuente de Los Caños, it was built in the 18th century to give the town aspect of a relevant city.
Experience our history in the first person and be part of it, only in this way you will be able to know the ways of communities life which from prehistoric times to the present have shaped our cultural identity.
This cistern located to the west of the castle, on the slope taht comes to the town and most likely served as a supply to the population that talked near the fort.
Natural watchtower from which Carcabuey and the Sierras Subbéticas are contemplated. It has one of the best examples of Mediterranean forest existing in Andalusia and is one of the few unpaved calvaries that still remain.
Crowning the mountain there is an 18th century hermitage.
Pavilion of las Angustias
Located in a square, this chapel houses an image of the Virgin of Las Angustias. It is an 18th century building, interesting and unique in its style in the province.
Paseo del Cañuelo
Adarve with route to fertile orchards, olive groves and foothills of the Sierras Subbéticas on one side and on the other side, its castle, streets, parish, etc. It is a comfortable, accesible and safe route for thouse people who want to get closer ton ature without having to go through architectural barriers, being able to cool off with the wáter from its source.
Traditional homemade products of the “matanza” (the slaughter of the pigs) are a clear example of local cuisine, taking a place on the table with its derivatives, especially chorizo and black pudding, which offers local varieties like onion sausage meat and ingredients in white basic dishes like bean soup “Ammonas”. Also of note is “rellena de carnaval”.
Another highlight is Revuelta de Patatas or Patatas a lo pobre.A typical dish of the day for jornaleros or day labourers is “Naranjas picas en aciete” (Oranges in Oil) Also Migas and “Chanfainas” typical of the matanza. Salmorejo or Gazpacho with ingredients from the garden are two dishes to taste and not to be forgotten, Subbética is a land of good wine, and there are three municipalities under the denomination of origion Montilla-Moriles, these are Dona Mencia, Lucena and Cabra. These wines will be perfectly suited at the table with olives and dressed olives dressed “alinas” which Carcabuey inhabitants collect and prepare for their own consumption.
Out of Cordoba. Take I-5 / A-4 direction: N-432, Granada, Seville. Continue: A-45 . Take the exit towards: Exit 56, A-340, Lucena (north), Puente Genil. At the roundabout, take exit 1 Continue: A-318 . Passing Lucena. Take A-339. Turn right: C-336 . Arrive at Carcabuey
Cordoba 95 km
Lucena 26 kn
Baena 31 km
Luque 22 km
Dona Mencia 30 km
Zuheros 25 km
Priego de Cordoba 8.5 km
Antequera 70 km
Carcabuey occupies a privileged place within the Natural Park of the Sierras Subbéticas, being the municipality with the highest proportion of protected land its municipal area is located in the geographical center of the Park.
Geology is one of the most outstanding aspects of the Subbetic landscape.
Gorges and escarpments of calcareous rock stand out among high reliefs of clay-like nature.
Human influence is very present in these mountains White hamlets and the green of the olive groves are integrated into the rocky landscape in a balance of unique beauty.
There are several places located in the municipality of Carcabuey but among the most significant we can mention: the Sierra de los Pollos or Jaula with average altitudes of more than 1000 m it is perhaps the most characteristic mountain range of the Park due to its stepped alignment. The Lobatejo, with its characteristic rock that rises majestically on the limestone rock. And of course, La Gallinera, divisible from most of the boundaries of the Park.
The wáter occupies a characteristic place within the municipality of Carcabuey outcropping in natural springs such as Fuente Catalina, El Navazuelo, Fuente Dura, Las Palomas. The Masegal…, offering places where it overflows like the Hoyones and Los Pozuelos.
There is also throughout the Carcabuey town the presence of gall oaks with centennial specimens, maples, hackberries, carob tres, junipers and junipers that along with floral botanical species such as lilies, daffodils, or peonies give the landscape a rich variety. In terms of fauna, we can mention large mammals such as wild boar, wild cat, badger, genet, beech marten, marten, weasel, polecat or fox.
For those who practice hiking, the región contemplates various marked routes (on foot, by bike or motor vehicle) that run through the most picturesque places from which you an see the most beautiful landscapes.