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Estepona Monuments, Watchtowers Málaga

Casasola or Baños Watchtower

Estepona Monuments, Watchtowers Málaga

The Casasola or Baños Watchtower – Estepona

The Casasola or Baños Watchtower is located in the Andalusian municipality of Estepona, about 500 meters from the N-340, just few meters from the beach.

The Casasola Watchtower is Muslim origin and is velieved to have been built in the fourteenth century. It is characterized by having a horseshoe plant and 15meters in height. The base of the tower was reinforced as they came to move with the wind.

Its typology is frequent in the fortifications of Malaga from the 14th-15th century.

The Casasola or Baños Watchtower has a horseshoe floor plan, as has already been said, very slender; It could also be considered as a cylindrical tower, with a flat or chamfered north wall, about 5 meters in diameter. Its great height, 15 meters, caused problems of slenderness, so a truncated cone-shaped ravelin (reinforcement) was added at the base, 3 meters high, built in 1565. The rest of the tower divided into its interior on two floors, the lower one 7 meters from the ground, presents the entrance to the tower on the north side; higher up, and also on that face, a window opens about 9 meters from the ground. It also has another opening on the south side. This constructive set would end in a roof protected with a uniform parapet, where there are remains of a machicolation that would protect the access. Its factory is masonry whose stone would be placed in horizontal rows. The brick used is limited to the gaps of the openings.

Its name responds to the Roman bath that exists in the vicinity, now they also call it Casa Sola, because of the hamlet in which it is located. The terrain is alluvial formed by the Guadalmina River, which enveloped it in a delta in the last century.

This uninhabited term has a great historical tradition, they used to call it “Estepona la Vieja”. Dasic geographers and historians have given it various names: Avieno calls it Silbis; Palibio, Elingas; Tito Livio calls it Silpia or Silpa, and says that Asdrúbal camped there after intervening in Cádiz; but its most frequent denomination is that of Cilmiana, which is like the Antonino citation as the second mansion on the itinerary from Malaga to Cadiz. Still at the end of the 18th century, archaeologists denounced the ruins of its population and the existence of long walls under the sea.

This old tower existed when the Instructions of 1497 were established; in them it was arranged that there would be a stable of a peon chosen by the city and with a daily wage of twenty-five maravedís.

Its slender proportion and horseshoe-shaped plant make it unique; cylindrical towers with chamfered backs, are frequent in the fortifications of Malaga from the XIV-XV century. Its reduced surface, about 5 m. in diameter and its elevation of about 12, would make Ia, like industrial chimneys, oscillate with the wind, something that was later corrected by adding a ravelin in the shape of a pyramid trunk to its base. The same causes and remedies are manifested in the Torre Bermeja y Mármol (Rebellion. Book IX. Chapter III) cites another oscillating tower, the minaret of Júzcar in which on the high parapet, a man with force rang the bells, without reaching they.

The Casasola or Baños Watchtower is built with vermilion masonry, placed in horizontal courses; brick is not used; the plaster seems to be from the beginning of the 16th century.

Inside it has two floors, in the second one of the stone corbels of the machicolation is preserved. Above this floor rose the roof, in ruins, capable of holding a small cannon.

Access: easily accessed from the N-340 (Estepona – San Pedro) turning right at the height of the Atalaya Hotel, approximately at the km 167. Read more…

The Casasola or Baños Watchtower

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