Castle of La Yedra Cazorla
Castle of La Yedra – Cazorla
(Castle of La Yedra – Museum of Popular Arts and Customs of the Alto Gualdalquivir)
The castle stands on the foothills of the Cerro de Salvatierra, on a rocky outcrop overlooking the Cazorla River whose surrounding area made up the original urban centre of medieval Cazorla, Jaén province.
Its irregular layout is a much the result of th uneven topography of the site as the subsequent transformations. From west to east, the castle includes the following structures:
– A large keep with a parade ground
– An intermediate precinct containing service constructions such as water cistern, storerooms, etc.
– A small precinct forming the complex access to the fortress.
– The “albacara” or outer walled enclosure.
The original castle probably had the structure of a “hims” or uncomplicated fortress.
The keep, designed on a square layout, is built on three levels with a flat roof terrace. Bencath the first level, there is a tank wich was probably used to collect and store rainwater.
Access to the fortress is by a steep and zigzagging path leading to the intermediate precinct.
The Albacara or outre walled enclosure has a more varied construction style with irregular towers either adjoining or constructed on the walls themselves. The architectural features suggest that the castle could have been constructed during the Almohad period (12th century) and later completed by the Christians throughout the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries hence the predominance of the gothic style. The castle currently houses the Museum of Popular Arts and Customs.