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Villages in Córdoba

Córdoba

Villages in Córdoba

Córdoba

The province of Córdoba, one of the eight that form the region of Andalucía, has an area of 13.723.20 Km2, representing 2,7% of the Spanish area and occupies, for this reason, the second place in Andalucía and the thirteenth in Spain. Its boundaries, shared with six provinces (to the North with Badajoz and Ciudad Real, to the east with Jaén, to the south with Granada and Málaga, and to the west with Sevilla and Badajoz), stretch over 696 kilometres. Its geographical position is delimited by latitudes 38 44′ and 37 11′ in its northern and southern ends, and longitudes 0 19 ‘and 1 54’ (referring to Madrid meridian) at its eastern and western ends respectively.

Córdoba capital is located at latitude 37 50’44”and longitude 04 50’23”, with an average elevation of 123 m above sea level.

The provincial altitude zones are all located below 1.000 m, most of them with 8.556 Km2 is the one between 200 and 600 m, followed by the one between 600 and 1.000 m with 3,378 Km2, and finally 1.784 Km2 below the 200 m that cover the lands of the river Guadalquivir.

The province is divided by the Guadalquivir river which crosses it from east to west in two areas almost symmetrical but very different in their geography and agriculture characteristics. The place located to the north of the river includes the mountainous area of Sierra Morena and a plateau that extends into the Guadalquivir, both are primarily ranching areas. The lands to the South of the river constituted by a plain, called La Campiña, which extends southwest towards Sevilla, are ideal for agriculture. Finally, in the southernmost part of the area is located La Penibética where you can find crops of grapes and olives.

Hydrographic conditions are relatively good, as well as the Guadalquivir there are four rivers with some importance whose course is almost entirely within the province, although the topography does not lend excessively proper for agricultural use.

Due to its geographical position Córdoba can be considered the centre of gravity of Andalucía, especially its southern part.

It is very difficult to summarize the story of a city that, like Córdoba, is a basic landmark in the history and prehistory of the Península. Of remote origin, is built on an Iberian settlement, but it is in Roman times (206 B.C) when bursting onto the history. Claudio Marcelo is considered the founder. During that time Spain was the capital of the Later Spanish Roman. It reaches its peak during the Muslim period, being independent caliphate and capital of Al Andalus with one million inhabitants.

In 1236 it was reconquered by Fernando III.

Natural Park Sierra de Hornachuelos

Monuments

Albolafia
Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos
Caballerizas Reales
Arco del Triunfo
Hospital del Cardenal Salazar – Facultad de Filosofía y Letras
Medina Azahara
Mezquita-Catedral
Murallas de la ciudad
Puente Romano (Roman Bridge)
Sinagoga
Torre de la Calahorra
Torre de la Malmuerta
Triunfo de San Rafael
Yacimiento Arqueológico de Cercadilla

Museums

Museo Arqueológico
Museo Julio Romero de Torres
Museo de Bellas Artes
Museo Taurino

Palaces and Houses

Casa de los Marqueses del Carpio
Palacio de Congresos y Exposiciones
Palacio de Viana
Palacio de la Merced
Posada del Potro

Squares

Plaza de Capuchinos – Cristo de los Faroles
Plaza de Séneca
Plaza de la Corredera
Plaza de las Tendillas
Plaza de los Dolores
Plaza del Indiano
Plaza del Orive
Plaza del Potro

Convents – Churches

Convento de la orden de San Agustín – Círculo de la Amistad
Convento de San José (San Cayetano)
Convento de los Dolores – Hospital de S. Juan y S. Jacinto
Convento de los Padres de Gracia
Conventos de Córdoba
Conventual de la Santísima Trinidad Church
San Agustín Church
San Hipólito Church
San Lorenzo Church
San Miguel Church
San Nicolás Church
San Rafael Church
Santa Marina Church
Santiago Church
Iglesias Fernandinas
Monasterio de los Jerónimos
Otros Templos
San Andrés Parish
San Francisco y San Eulogio de la Ajerquía Parish
San Pedro Parish
Magdalena Parish

Gardens

Jardines de la Agricultura
Jardines de la Merced
Parque Cruz Conde
Jardín Botánico (Botanic Gardens)

Famous Streets

Arco del Portillo
Avenida del Gran Capitán
Calle Cruz Conde
Calle Gondomar
Calle de la Feria
Calleja de las Flores
Cuesta del Bailío

Córdoba Gastronomy

Andalusina Gazpacho. White Gazpacho. Salmorejo. Oxtail stew. Cochofrito. Lamb stew. Boar. Deer. Marinated dogfish. Pomfret marinated. Flamenquín. Scrambled eggs with asparagus. Trotters.

Sweets: Cordoba Pastel, alfajores. Fried donuts, buds, bores.

How to get there

Córdoba is located in the river bed that in the Spanish radial road system links Madrid and Andalucía, as well as the communications river bed south-eastern-southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. Thus, Córdoba is located at a crossroads of highways, being crossed by the radial IV Madrid – Cádiz, which is one of the largest traffic infrastructures of the Peninsula, apart from the main road that connects Badajoz with Granada.
Likewise the National Road part from the surrounding area that links Málaga and Costa del Sol with the radial system of roads, and the national highways that link to Jaén to the East and Puertollano and Ciudad Real to the north.

With respect to railway Córdoba has also a strategic position because its capital is the junction point of the line linking Madrid to Málaga, Sevilla, Cádiz and Huelva. The southern part of the province is linked by another line with Jaén and Linares.
Nowadays Madrid – Córdoba – Sevilla route has been significantly strengthened with the operation of high – speed train, likewise the road communication also improved with the recent construction of the highway.
Córdoba has a fully operational airport to aeroplanes of 80 seats jet or propeller, although it has no regular passenger lines, but it can be used on charter and private flights.

Distances from Córdoba

Sevilla 142 km
Almería 304 km
Jaén 105 km
Huelva 227 km
Málaga 159 km
Cádiz 235 km
Granada 159 km
Andújar 75 km
Lucena 69 km
Baena 60 km
Montoro 45 km
Adamuz 34 km
Alcolea 12 km
Almodóvar del Río 26 km


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