Cortegana Castle – Medieval Fortress
The Cortegana Castle is situated on top of a hill, near the Nuestra Señora de la Piedad Chapel (Shrine of Our Lady of Merci). From this elevated position there are beautiful views of the Cortegana town and also of the Natural Park.
The Cortegana Castle is the best preserved medieval fortress in the region. We have no data o establish with certainty its origin. Possibly his foundation was from the andalusí period, although its present appearance should be put in relation with the military sponsored bt the Council of Seville in the late thirteenth century to defend the northwest corner of its territory.
Se trata de la fortaleza medieval mejor conservada de la comarca. Carecemos de datos que permitan establecer con certeza su origen. Posiblemente su fundación será de época andalusí, aunque su actual aspecto habría que ponerlo en relación con el programa militar patrocinado por el Consejo de Sevilla a finales del siglo XIII para defender el extremo Noroeste de su territorio.
The fortress consists in two sectors La Cerca y El Alcázar (the Fence and the Quarterdeck).
The Fence is the first line of defense on the enclosure. This consists of a powerful masonry wall, adapted to the contour lines at regular intervals protected by towers square and rectangular. In its southwest extreme, on the road to the town, its entrance door was placed protected by a tower. Constituted the first line of defense of the castle but, in turn, served as a venue where safeguard assets and livestock of the villagers when the Portuguese raids occurred.
The Alcazar, located in the center of the enclusure, consists of a small building, aimed at rectangular plant, whose perimeter is articulated with cubes and cylinders of its towers.