Cortegana – Divino Salvador Parish Church
Divino Salvador Parish Church
This church dates back from 14th 16th centuries and has a Gothic-Mudejar/ Renaissance style.
This temple of large size with a three naves plan covered at the same height. The ships are separated by Doric columns that support, in the first section, groin vaults, and in the other “baida” vaults( vault formed by a hemisphere cut with four vertical plans) except the chapel that functions as a transept with a semi-sphere vault. The exterior walls are reinforced by big rectangular buttresses.
From mid 14th century is “La Portada del Perdon”, on the top of the façade, the only Gothic-Mudejar temple preserved, which during Catholic Kings period was completely dismantled to build the present building. Its constructive progress was delayed due to the magnitude of the project: Gothic vaults in the firs section, Renaissance columns used as supports and which belonged to late Baroque bell tower. There marble paved and the construction of the choir was the latest work that was made in late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Inside the Divino Salvador Parish Church can highlight the three wrought iron pulpits, 1699, the holy water and baptismal fonts around 1679 and finally, the rich silver or gold works with pieces belonging to 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.
Currently, and after the continuous interventions that have taken place, the Property is presented as a Christian temple with a hall floor plan with three naves divided into four sections by columns, resting on strong plinths, composed of a considerably developed octagonal plinth, circular base with scotch and bull, smooth shaft and Doric capital with octagonal monolithic pieces from where the semicircular arches start, except those of the fourth section, which are pointed. Three of the naves are covered by vaults, except for the first section that precedes the apse, which is covered by tierceron vaults with medallions at the intersections of the arches, typical of the Gothic style.
The second section of the central nave is covered by a dome on pendentives decorated with frescoes depicting allegorical figures on phylacteries. The ring of the dome presents a series of ribs, as well as a continuous frieze with triglyphs that alternate with coffers decorated with diamonds. Both the pendentives and the interior of the vault are decorated with modern-style frescoes. The dome is decorated with eight fresco motifs on a bluish background, plant motifs in yellow and in the middle a blue sphere with white dots simulating the sky.
At the foot of the Divino Salvador Parish Church, in the upper area of the central nave, stands the new choir that replaced the original choir, which rests on two pairs of marble columns of a composite order and upper cymbal. Inside the choir there is a modern-style organ made up of a mahogany box, ivory and ebony keyboard, tawny metal pipes and zinc and wood basses, decorated with pilasters topped with balls.
The apse of the church, with a polygonal floor plan and raised above the level of the naves, is preceded by a wide staircase that starts from the central nave. It is covered by a half-oven vault, decorated with baroque-style frescoes that represent a burst of glory.
Towards the outside, the church is presented as a free-standing building with a square floor plan, of which the following stand out: the sacristy, with a square floor plan covered with a bayed vault and with access through the fourth section of the Epistle nave; and the tower, with access from the foot of the nave of the Gospel, inside which there is a staircase with straight sections that ascends to the body of bells.
The main façade, open towards the foot of the temple, is the only witness to the original plot built in the 14th century. It has a closed face interrupted by two wide buttresses that flank the main portal which, offset from the longitudinal axis of the temple, has a slight outward projection. The façade, built in exposed brick, is made up of a single opening with three pointed and flared arches, with the two interior archivolts made of granite and the exterior one of exposed brick, all of which is framed by a molded alfiz and finished off with a slight cornice. on which there is a double threaded brick oculus inscribed in a square. The doorway opening is closed by a two-leaf wooden door with a shutter on both sides and a nail, followed by a wooden gate made up of coffers and polychrome stained glass.
Attached to the left side of the main façade stands the tower, with a square floor plan and four bodies in height: the first, as a base, is wider than the others; the second, corresponding to the cane, presents an outstanding vertical development, which opens on the western front by a lintelled opening between two Doric pilasters and on this in the upper area a clock is inserted. This body is finished off with a wide molding that gives way to the third body or bells, which presents, in its four fronts, semicircular openings flanked with pilasters and topped by double cubic blocks and ceramic vases; the fourth body, hexagonal in shape as a spire, is made of green and white tiles and crowned by a weathervane.
The two lateral facades are divided into four panels separated by abutments that correspond to the interior with the transverse arches of the lateral naves. On both facades, there are semicircular openings covered with a double-leaf door and nailing, which give access to the interior of the church through the second section to the lateral naves, with the opening of the Gospel nave currently closed.
The head of the temple has a polygonal shape and its apse facing the outside is flanked by buttresses. In the four facades these buttresses are crowned by cubic bodies topped with ceramic vases. Read more…