The municipality of Cuevas Bajas is situated on the northern edge of the Comarca de Antequera. It is bordered to the north by Encinas Reales, to the east by Cuevas de San Marcos, to the south and southeast by Villanueva de Algaidas, to the southwest by Antequera, to the west by Benameji and to the northeast by Lucena in the province of Cordoba.
The lands are bounded mostly by river channels: to the northeast by the arroyo (brook, stream, small river) de Las Pozas, to the southeast by the arroyo de Burriana and to the northwest and north by the river Genil, on whose banks stands Cuevas Bajas. Between the river Genil and the highest point of the municipality, the Cruz peak (768 m), the landscape consists mainly of very soft hills covered with olive groves, while between the banks of the Genil and the town there are some orchards and small areas of rain fed cereals.
History of Cuevas Bajas
The history of Cuevas Bajas is very old, although there is no written data to document the large number of caves in the area, and from which comes the name, they give a sense of the important prehistoric past in the township. Also close by there is evidence of many Roman settlements which are closely interrelated. Since the land was rich and had good agricultural production capacity, the Arabs took great pains in this area by improving the working equipment in the irrigation system, which is still used in the orchards, and olive cultivation with the consequent production of oil.
In order to defend their fertile land and its people, a fort was built which survived until 1424, when it was destroyed by the Spanish troops. As a token of appreciation to the city of Antequera for the economic and military aid given during this important campaign, Juan II donated the Dehesa and Belda Caves, which were distributed among the new settlers who were grouped into two areas around the caves, Cuevas Altas, which was near the Sierra, and Cuevas Bajas being the more remote.
Repopulation in the case of Cuevas Bajas was very difficult due to the destruction of the former village. From then until the nineteenth century there were endless disputes between the inhabitants of Cuevas Bajas, who wanted their own their own jurisdiction and Antequera, who resisted this. Finally, on August 7, 1818, King Ferdinand VII signed the long awaited Royal Warrant.
Cuevas Bajas Monuments
Saint John the Baptist Church
Old Municipal Fountain
Statue of San Antón
La Moheda and Cedron
Oil Factory Chimney
Typical Cuevas Bajas dishes are: migas, ’Porra fria’, casseroles and stews.
Also you can enjoy wine donuts include wine and ‘tortas de aceite’.
From Malaga, take the motorway A-45 (N-331) towards Antequera. Near to Antequerra take the A-92 and immediately return to the N-331, in the section that it is no longer highway and in the direction of Lucena. Just at the borders of the provinces of Malaga and Cordoba turn onto the A-6212, leading directly to the town.
Distances from Cuevas Bajas
Loja 45 km
Malaga 75 km
Granada 98 km
Antequera 30 km
This fountain dates from the 15th century and it was restored in the 90s. At the beginning it was situated in the Church Square, in the city centre and since its origin it served as the water supply point for the population,l where people went with their pitchers that later they transported to the houses.
After the restoration it underwent for the cleaning and preservation of its different parts it was dismantled and taken to its present location in the park of this town. This old fountain preserves practically all of its original elements.
Casa de los Cristales
An example of the Modernist constructions in this town, this house built at the beginning of the twentieth Century, as we can see from its walls, preserves its surprising and curious facade inlaid with glass and mirror, doubtlessly one of the most singular buildings in Cuevas Bajas, and unique in this town; this building becomes another example of the economic splendor Cuevas Bajas had at a time where it had more than 3000 inhabitants.
Calle Real (Royal Street)
La calle Real (Royal Street) is the city´s main artery and the place where most of the important buildings are. Here we can see several ancestral houses from the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the 20th century, with a clear Modernist influence in the external decoration, as a result of the prosperous economic moment the city underwent in those dates, having even its own Chamber of Commerce. Besides, the parish house, the Venta de los González and the Civil Guard station, the second oldest in the province of Málaga, go right to this street. The choice of this town to erect this building of the security corps was made because this was an area where there was a great activity of banditry throughout the nineteenth Century, and this led authorities to take special protection measures.
Oil Factory Chimney