Dalías & Celín, Sierra de Gádor
Dalías and its neighbourhood Celín are located in the south-western facade of the mountain range of Gádor, limestone vault over a base of filitas (a type of foliated metamorphic rock primarily composed of quartz, sericite mica, and chlorite) and schists from whose contact appears the springs of water that give life to the valley and the country since time immemorial. The city centre and the meadow occupy a fertile valley-gully with quaternary fillers, framed by a system of faults that connects the Campo with the syncline of La Alpujarra, cutting off and isolating the mountain range of Gádor.
These geological unevenness proves the activity in the region; in fact, the seismic episodes are not unknown, both in the present times and in the devastating and horrific in 1804, that caused 162 dead persons and whose violence were in the historic memory. With respect to the climate, the small valley of Dalías was always considered a thermal paradise, due to the goodness of its winter temperatures, being unknown the frosts.
The name of Dalías comes from the Arab word Dalaya, that means vineyard. Until 1982 its municipal area goes as far as the coast, but the exploitation of the intensive agriculture under plastic made that the town was moved to Dalías and it would cause an increase of the population without precedents, around El Ejido. In 1981 while Dalías had 3.500 inhabitants in the coast the concentration would be 33.000 inhabitants. This fact caused the partition of the municipal area.
Dalías has its origins in Al-Andalus period. The present town is the old Muslim settlement of Ambrox, although other information say that the ancient settlement was situated to two kilometres from the present, in El Campo, where there are remains of tombs, aqueducts, houses and streets.
Before the War of las Alpujarras (1568-1570) this town had 600 houses, 7 ovens, 7 olive-oil mills and 20 flour mills. After the war the Morisco will be expelled and this territory will be completely deserted. In 1573 will be carried out the repopulation with 83 inhabitants.
In 1753, this town had a town hall with the towns of Adra and Berja, obtaining its independence in 1920.
During the first third of the XIX century and thanks to the mine working Dalías undergoes a demographic growth. The mining crisis at the end of the century coincides with the beginning of the produce of Ohanes grape.
At the beginning of the XX century the population is maintained but with the later crisis will be a fall in the population. At the end of the previous century El Ejido has 48 inhabitants.
Nowadays, the city centre is located in Dalías and Celín. It keeps in its urban structure the Muslim origin, houses with vegetable garden, narrow streets and irregular plan. This town has also its mining past and is presented in its future with the intensive agriculture and does not forget La Sierra de Gádor recovering its forest mass, formerly made up of holm oaks wood, elms, black poplars, etc.
Parish Church of Santa María, from the XIX century. Facade with balconies.
Hermitage of Los Dolores de Aljízar, an old Arab mosque.
Defensive towers, XIII and XIV centuries, Arab origin.
Baths of La Reina. Arab baths in good state of preservation.
Casino, XX century.
Hill of Algándar.
Remains of an Arab fortress.
Ruins of a fortress and some baths.
Archaeological Sites of El Cerrón.
Neighbourhood of El Celín. It preserves its Arab appearance.
Casas señoriales (Stately houses).
Town of Balerma.
The gastronomic offer in Dalías is characterized by its originality with respect to the use of the traditional ingredients from its Rich garden and mountain range. We can emphasize the following dishes:
Choto con ajos (Calf with garlic). Tortilla de présules (guisantes) (Pea Omelette). Menestra de présules (guisantes) (Pea vegetable stew).
Ajoblanco (Spanish cold soup made of bread, crushed almonds, garlic, water, olive oil, salt and sometimes vinegar). Peppers and grilled tomatoes salad.
Hot rice with snails. Cod stew.
Gazpacho from Dalías. Broad beans. Migas (Fried breadcrumbs).
How to get there
You have to exit Almería and take N-340A. Alleyway of Aguadulce. In the roundabout, take the salida 3 and continue in: E-15 / A-7 towards: N-340 – Motril – Málaga. Then take the exit towards: Salida 414 – Polígono Industrial – Santa María del Águila. Take N-340A. Cross Santa María del Águila and take the A-358, then Camino de Berja. Turn right in: Calle de las Moreras and then you get Dalías.
Distances from Dalías
Berja 9 km
Vícar 27 km
Almería 42 km
El Ejido 9,5 km
Pampanico 7 km
Alcaudique 7,5 km
Roquetas de Mar 29 km
Las Norias de Daza 17 km