Doña Mencía – Sierra Subbética Natural Park
The village of Doña Mencía is located southeast of the province, in the foothills of the Sierras Subbéticas.
The township is included in the Natural Park Sierra Subbética, which also has the appeal of the geological limestone mountains, valleys full of oaks and gall oaks and poplars that line the banks of watercourses that run alongside the vast fields of olive groves and vineyards. The result is a place of great beauty, set along the foot of the Laderon. The village is white and blue, clean and quiet, with the sense of an older time, with its maze of narrow winding streets and the remains of the Castle. The villa is named after the wife of the captain of Ferdinand III, D. Alvar Perez de Castro, her name was Dona Mencia Lopez de Haro.
The Sierra Subbética and its surroundings are particularly important archaeological sites, some of whose findings may be viewed in the Historical-Archaeological Museum. The town was immortalised by writer Juan Valera and his text forms the “Route Valerian”, which runs through the village, the farthest point recreated by the famous writer.
The wines of the region deserve special mention. Azorin praised them saying “all are insurmountable, being remarkable for their aroma, clarity and taste.” Their vineyards hold the appellation of origin Montilla-Moriles.
The origins of Doña Mencia emerge from the archaeological sites of “Laderon” where a tomb was found belonging to the Argaric culture. The current site is from the early fifteenth century, being founded by Don Diego Fernandez de Cordoba, Marshal of Castile, who received a donation of the neighbouring town of Baena that once belonged to the area.
Municipal independence was achieved in 1653.
A stroll around its narrow winding streets will allow the traveller to discover their whiteness, most having several mansions adorning most central pathways.
Monuments in Doña Mencía
Ancient ruins of the Parish Consolation destroyed in 1932.
Calvario Shrine, which venerates Christ, XVIII century.
Torre de la Plata -a medieval fortress.
Roman statue of theTocana (headdress).
A statue of Christ lying with arms outstretched, dating from 1600
Field of the Hill “The Laderon”.
El Genazar, Majada del Serrano y la Oreja de la Mula (Mules Ear)
Posada del Siglo XVII,-a seventeenth century inn- on Calle Llana.
The ancestral home of Juan Valera.
Barrio de ” Bailajarros”. Barrio (neighborhood) de “Bailajarros”.
Municipal Archaeological Historical Museum.
Doña Mencía Gastronomy
The quality of food products in the area is endorsed by the existence of two denominations of origin-oil and wine. The first is the Designation of Origin extra virgin olive oil from Baena and the second is the Denomination of Origin Wines Montilla-Moriles.
The culinary dishes that enrich the town are recorded in the writer Don Juan Valeras novel and highlight the products of the matanza (slaughter of the pigs) morcones, sausages, black puddings and other sausages. These dishes still remain as quoted: tomatoes “guisaos” apagaíllo, adobillo potatoes, roasted chicken menciana, gazpacho, broadbeans.
In the bakery section are the pastries, pancakes, oatcakes, juice, sugar cakes, gajorros, cakes and a typical Easter sweet, which is usually taken together with the liquor coffee and anise, called “rosolio”.
Take I-5 / A-4 direction: N-432, Granada, Seville. Take the exit towards: Exit 403, Plaza de Andalucía, N-432, Granada, Madrid. Follow direction: N-432, Granada, Madrid. Continue: Granada Road direction: N-432, Granada. Continue: N-432. Pass Santa Cruz and Castro del Rio. Pass near Baena and follow signs to Dona Mencia.
Distances from Doña Mencía
Baena 13 km
Luque 11 km
Lucena 24 km
Cordoba 75 km
Carcabuey 30 km
Castro del Rio 32 km