Doñana Natural Park Cadiz Huelva Sevilla Andalucia
Doñana Natural & National Park
Cadiz – Huelva – Sevilla – Andalucia
The Doñana National Park is considered the largest reserve in Europe and has worldwide fame. Its vast expanse of marshes receives during the winter many species of waterfowl, typically up to 200,000 individuals each year. Very close to Doñana is located other natural areas that, although located outside the boundaries of the National Park, they shared similar views as well as the habitat of several animal and plant species. We refer to the Doñana Natural Park, which includes pine forests, less transformed marshes and sections of branches and creeks of the Guadalquivir River which once flooded the marsh.
In the town of Sanlúcar de Barrameda we can find the marshes of Bonanza, near the mouth of the Guadalquivir. It is a strip of natural marsh flooded with the tides, unlike the rest of the marshes of the Guadalquivir that only receives the rain water from some streams. Still exist nowadays in these marshes salt marshes visited by the flamingo and the avocet to find food and shelter.
Very near from this Park we can find the Pinar de la Algaida, where in October is celebrated a popular pilgrimage. This pine forest comes from a reforestation carried out in the early XIX century and other later crops. In it the black kite nests, with more than a hundred pairs, as well as buzzards, booted eagles, jays and magpies. Small lakes already disappeared such as the Laguna del Ansar received many high value waterfowl hunting.
In this pine forest we can observe the sanctuary of Lucero, an ancient sanctuary where there were found remains of many ancient cultures, as well as the Pozo de los Caveros of Roman origin.
We also can find in Sanlúcar the Reception and Interpretation Centre of Nature “Under Guide,” which, in addition to providing general information about the Park, possible routes and itineraries, it has among others a permanent exhibition about the wetlands of Andalusia. Visitors can also explore the traditional economic activities of Sanlúcar, such as carpentry shore for the typical construction of boats, fishing … in addition to the folklore and festivals, such as the harvest in September or the traditional route that many boats made from Seville to the river to Sanlúcar end of May.
The Pinar del Coto del Rey is still in the province of Seville, in the areas of Aznalcázar and Villamanrique de la Condesa, with pine forests that are the refuge for various species of raptors. There are also marshes, transformed to a greater or lesser extent for rice cultivation, pipes and channels like El Brazo de la Torre, Isla Mayor or Entremuros del Guadiamar, where the birds that live in Doñana came during the summers and dry winters.
To the north of the province of Huelva are located pine forests and marshes of Hinojos, that when they are flooded, receive thousands of waterfowl. On the coast of Almonte you can observe the spectacular cliff of El Asperillo and further west is disposed Abalario complex, dotted with small lakes surrounded by pine and eucalyptus. On the beach or in the dunes, eroded by waves and almost destroyed there are still remains of watchtowers.
Undoubtedly, the most unique cultural event in the whole region is the pilgrimage of El Rocío. Thousands of pilgrims in oxcarts, on foot or horseback, to this village on the banks of the Arroyo Madre de las Marismas where King Alfonso X el Sabio built the shrine of the Virgin.
Municipalities that belong to the Parque Natural Doñana
– Cádiz:Sanlúcar de Barrameda