El Cerro de Andévalo
El Cerro de Andévalo
El Cerro de Andévalo (The Andévalo Hill) is a traditional mining village which belongs to Andévalo deep in the heart of the province. Its fame is due to its rich folklore, which has managed to strengthen and preserve the area the highlights of which are the Fandangos (Traditional Spanish dance and the tradition of Jamugueras the San Benito choir perform in local styles while the jamugueras dance.) The festivities are a showcase for El Cerro de Andévalo showing a set of rituals, dances and costumes that have aroused the curiosity of historians. Along with the pilgrimage and other holidays the town has created a complete calendar of events.
The landscapes maintain the memory of a mining past that tainted rivers and their banks for centuries. The scenery turns red to the passage of the banks that cleared the ore for centuries. Within the Iberian Pyrite Belt, El Cerro (The Hill) is surrounded by mines that employed many cerreños for years. Mines extracted pyrite and other minerals until the crisis of the ’60s progressive closure was precipitated. Although poor, Andévalo managed to keep its people by providing resources necessary for their survival. The legend is that the devil made the land while God rested. This legend developed in order to justify the harshness of the landscape in which people struggled to survive. Grains make up the bulk of the land planting and garden products for small family farms are used practically to consumption and Andévalo honey is another family-produced item due to the diversity of flowers in the area.
In the sixteenth century the cerreños (inhabitants of El Cerro) began the long legal fight to expand its precincts and at the same time consolidated their ways of life by knowing who and how many fought for the administration of Crown lands.
In the following century, the war with Portugal scored up a few years of considerable difficulty in the economic and demographic development of El Cerro, but over time the community was self-regulating giving the people an opportunity to make life more bearable.
During the eighteenth century, cerreños developed the municipality into a very capable parish self-regulating civil life with its own bylaws, the creation of two Grammar Schools and Chair of Latin.
In the first half of the twentieth century, the cerreños community introduced elements that enabled them to improve their quality of life such as a Music Academy, Civil Guard headquarters, a radio station and a football team.
El Cerro de Andévalo Monuments
Iglesia de Santa María de Gracia, XV century
Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad, XVI century
Ermita de los Dolores, siglo XVII century
Ermita y Molino del Regente, XVII century
Ermita de San Benito Abad.
El Cerro de Andévalo Gastronomy
Migas. Ensalada de orégano (Orégano salad).
Sweets: Pestiños- Sweets popularly known as “drunks”. Anjuelas are typical carnival cakes made mainly with flour and egg, Rosas – are named for their flower shape, Roscos de Andalèvo are cakes shaped like a big doughnut.
Take the Huelva Exit heading to San Juan del Puerto – Trigueros – Fregenal de la Sierra. Around San Juan del Puerto, turn right: N-435 heading to Trigueros – Badajoz. Go through Trigueros. Take A-496. Sotiel Coronaday crossing and continue to Calañas. Exit Calañas: and continue on the HV-1421 to El Cerro de Andévalo.
Distances from El Cerro de Andévalo
Huelva 70 km
La Joya 15 km
El Carpio 11 km
Trigueros 51 km
La Florida 41 km
Cortegana 35 km
Valdelamusa 12 km
Almonaster la Real 29 km
San Juan del Puerto 59 km