Enix – Sierra de Gádor Village – Almería
Enix is a municipality located in the Sierra de Gador, whose main characteristic is the abundance of water you can find in its municipal area, the greatest treasure one can have in this province, more than mines, nowadays abandoned, which previously gave him wealth. As well as what we have mentioned the town is a point of white light surrounded by ochre and semi-arid lands, with terraced and narrow streets and white houses, among we have to emphasize the Parish Church.
Although no traces evidencing the prehistoric past of Enix, presumably, due to its location and proximity to the so-called culture of Los Millares (Chalcolithic occupation site 17 km north of Almería), the people of this town would wander through this lands, hunting, in grazing activities, or seeking some metal that was helpful for them, taking shelter from the storms in the many natural shelters and caves which the municipality has.
The place name comes from NIX that in Germanic language is related to fountains and springs. Enix has the source that gave this name and could occupy a fairly high pedestal compared with many fountains with regard to temperature and quality.
This wonderful fountain dates back to 409 with the entrance of the Barbarians in Spain. These men in their raids do not go unnoticed the fountain in Enix, hence the term NIX that was being extended to the group of houses next to it and so over time, until just finished the Visigothic domination.
With the entry of the Arabs to Spain the name of the place was conserved, but adapting EL NIX, in whose area begins to grow grains, figs, almonds and olives; the same way as vines among others.
When the Catholic Monarchs arrived Almería its jurisdiction is spread over the villages of Tabernas, Nijar, EL NIX, Felix and Vicar. Therefore Almujejar area belongs to Almería.
The year 1570 would be eventful for EL NIX. His urban appearance is transformed for its inhabitants and the town’s name would take a new shade.
Indeed, EL NIX, takes part in the war against the revolted Moorish from La Alpujarra three days after the battle of Huécija and a day before the one of Felix, it is completely destroyed.
The rebellion started in the Alpujarra on December 24, 1568 by the edict of 1567 that affects some customs of the Moors, was led by Aben Humeya.
The conflict soon spread to the east of the present province of Almeria and Felix areas, Enix, and Canjayar Laujar. The peasant villages were transformed into a scene of incredible bloody struggles.
The almost complete destruction of the Moorish population in Enix was carried out by troops of the Marquis of Vélez January 19, 1569 in one of the cruelest war in our history.
There were few survivors of that bloody battle. The documents reflect the sale or redemption of women and children reduced to slavery and other Moorish population from Vicar, Enix and Felix was distributed by Castile, Extremadura and Galicia to avoid another uprising.
The repopulation in 1573 would have significant consequences for this modest place inhabited by 138 Moors, with two mosques, two cemeteries and 15 fountains. The population was grouped into Felix, being Enix and Vicar depopulated for safety reasons; so that 45 Christians from Castilla and from the Levantine region others, including the surnames Amate, Arcos Torres among others, received lots in the three places, but concentrated on his head: Felix.
The new settlers, according to the City of Granada remove the letter ELE of the name of EL NIX thereby it loses its resonance, but not its lineage because their roots are still consolidated on his own source.
In the early XVII century Enix has its own population and tends to grow; but, in 1752, Felix was still being the only municipality of La Taha and to its jurisdiction belonged these places: Enix, Vicar, Marchal de Miralles, Marchal de Antón López and Roquetas de Mar.
In the XIX century we can find separated data about this small town. In 1847 the situation is the following: 100 little comfort bungalows, a square, two narrow and unpaved streets, a small jail; a small primary school of instruction attended by 20 students and a population of 275 inhabitants.
The wealth of the people in the XIX century was mostly the agriculture and the cattle raising; there were half a square mile of vineyard and some olive trees, being uncultivated or scrub the rest of the field. It also had a liquor factory and exported wine and wheat to Roquetas and Almeria from where imported the necessary items.
At the end of the XIX century and during the XX mines opened in various places, in the vicinity of El Marchal de Antón López, that decimated much of the natural vegetation for fuel on mines and mining smelters. However, this provisional wealth enabled a spectacular increase in the population. With the closure of mines and the general crisis of rural environment the loss of the population has been steady.
Nowadays, with the exception of El Palmer (provided that Aguadulce passed to belong Roquetas de Mar before 1950) it is an agricultural municipality of olives, almonds and small irrigation systems, where we can still observe the traditional agricultural works in the wetlands. Although this type of agriculture is becoming more residual since the production is very poor and unprofitable.
This mountain town, white, quiet and with a tortuous terrain that reminiscent of medieval times produces a great attraction for tourism. In 1922 Don Francisco Javier Cervantes Enix built in Énix a residence for his property, selling it after the Civil War to the Union of Education and Leisure (Sindicato de Educación y Descanso) operating as a resort until the 1970’s.
Nowadays Enix is growing in relation to the number of inhabitants, not only by the return of emigrants who come to spend their last years of life in the village of their birth; but also by the arrival of European populations (British and German) who find here the peace, light and quiet that in their places of origin is impossible to have.
Parish Church of San Judas Tadeo
Parish Temple of Santa Teresa in El Marchal de Antón López
Arroz a banda. Ajoblanco. Ajo colorao. Migas. Olla. Encebollao. Tarbinas. Platos de caza.
How to get there
To get Énix by road you have to take the “Highway of the Mediterranean” (A-7/E-15) to Exit 429. Continue along the A-391 for 10 km until the junction of Enix for the ALP-702 for 2,2 Km until you reach Enix.
Distances from Enix
Felix 11 km
Alicún 21 km
Huécija 22 km
Almería 27 km
Aguadulce 17 km
La Garrofa 23 km
Benahadux 33 km
Alhama de Almería21 km
Huércal de Almería 33 km
El Marchal de San Antón
Mineral Laundry of El Marchal – Carmen Mines