Fiñana, Nacimiento Valley
Fiñana has an area of 133.96 km2. The village is located at 37o 10 ‘North Latitude and 2o 50’ West longitude to 946 meters above the sea level. Its main productive activities are: cereals, olive groves and beetroot. Food industries. Iron mines.
Fiñana was a disputed border. Nowadays it is a succession of cultures. A Moorish fortress, a church and a mosque are its milestones; undisputed centre of his municipal area, although its influence area is beyond the river valley Nacimiento. The church and the mosque, two privileges, make evident the evolution of beliefs, with their lifestyles, as elsewhere in the environment; coexistence and overlap of the current inhabitants significant to the landscape diversity and complexity. The remains of the fortress declare their location in a natural ground corridor repeatedly disputed from outside, as it is between Guadix, Baza and Almería, and from within, it monopolized the current towns of Abla, Abrucena and Las Tres Villas, despite of having different town councils. Today it extends NNW. to SSE.; 133.7 km2 of inner land with high and wide area of flat land, intemperate and semiarid, among Penibética, on the western boundary of Almeria.
Mainly the topography, extremely rugged, distinguishes in the municipality four sectors associated with so many landscapes: the Southern, in the current Nature Reserve of Sierra Nevada, the Mesopotamian land where it sits Fiñana, El Llano de Abla or Fiñana Hall (bottom of the upper valley of El Nacimiento) and the Northern, stretched over the sunny spot of Sierra de Baza. The shady place of Sierra Nevada is here rough, with cliffs and high altitudes (El Almirez: 2.519 m.); field of snow, uneven, which, in favour of faults and joints, emerges the spout of water.
From this face goes down some curved hills, repetitive spurs, where we can observe affluent basins shaped like the middle of the half moon, well individualized. The eastern spur, under El Cerro de la Cruz, is marked by family tourism adaptations (El Ubeire, Aldeire, La Dehesa), on the edge with Abrucena; before turning on the hill where the village takes its seat, is derived a secondary watershed that finishes in San Anton (955 m.), hill of reddish detritus materials for a farmhouse amongst pine trees and its chapel, Fiñana’s neighbours. Dominated by Montaire, the western spur, with similar curvature, separates this from Huéneja on the west, and, on the north, the demarcation of sewers, corridor and plain that links, imperceptible, with the Marquisate.
Between them, Fiñana basin is drained by the El Río, people say, Río Nacimiento, collects the maps; evocations of the decanting that suffers the Mediterranean waters in its natural headwaters (Huéneja) towards the Atlantic slope, leaving so dry the bank between the villas that deserves the name of La Rambla.
The basins of Sierra Nevada, dotted around with uninhabited farmhouses (except for the Heredad: 56 h., 1991), hydraulic systems (the reservoir of El Castañar filled up in 20 days of the wet and snowy winter in 1996), series of aqueducts with mill industries and a light plant, meadows, full of oaks, stubbing with scrub, reforested with pines, oaks, chestnuts; forest-gallery of poplars dating, at least, from the inventory kept by Jose Espelius in 1759 (Gomez Cruz), constitute the south of the municipalities. Essential Nature Reserve until N-340 in 1989, for the villages located near its mouth. Fiñana, like its neighbours, was settled on the sunny spot of the extreme of its hill.
Cerro and antecerro (Olila) carved by steep pieces of ground in Plio-Quaternary red conglomerate. Through it, the village provides inter and intra communication. Domesticated hill: roads, paths, streams, meadows, orchards and houses. Hinge between the mountain range and plain, security guard, his citadel.
The village shows the favourite location of the towns of the high valley of the River Nacimiento. Its centre was located in this high village (946 m.), near Guadix and Baza, well defended and with enough water. The location factors that favour the urban centres likely have changed in the Middle Ages, and a hypothetical changing, nothing exceptional in the Iberian geography, have been so categorical, however, that nearly erased the vestiges of another previous hegemony.
San Anton Chapel
Hermitage of Ntro. Padre Jesús Nazareno
Nuestra Señora de la Anunciación Parish Church
Speaking of the cuisine in Fiñana, is to mention natural products produced in the municipality and wisely seasoned, as is the case in part of our geography. Nowadays, we can still taste the traditional maize meal porridge (familiarly known as the “millet” flour). The essential complement to the porridge is the caldo colorao with roasted peppers and fish (mackerel, anchovy or sardine). Breadcrumbs, with bread or in omelette, as shown in the picture above, are mostly eaten rainy days and with sweet apricots and bacon.
A typical dish is the fiñanero zaramandoña, consisting of pumpkin, dried peppers, tomato, olives, onions, cod and a good amount of olive oil. Very tasty is the fritada de conejo, quite easy to cook based on pepper and tomato. Like the garlic of kid or rabbit.
In the vast and rich variety which has the fiñanera cuisine, we can also mention the traditional gachicos or the gachas tortas con liebre. The confectionery although is simple it is succulent: fritters, pan fried donuts, cakes of wine, or rice pudding can be a good representation of it.
How to get there
You have to exit Almería towards Huércal, cross this and continue on Highway 340. Continue to Almeria – E-15 – N-340 – Nijar – Murcia. At the roundabout take the 1st exit and continue along: A-92A towards: A-92 – Benahadux – Guadix. Cruise Benahadux. At the roundabout, take exit 3 and continue along: A-92 heading to Guadix – Granada. Take the exit towards: Exit 333 – Parque Natural de Sierra Nevada – Fiñana. Continue until you get Fiñana.
Níjar 92 km
Almería 69 km
Abrucena 7,5 km
Doña María Ocaña 15 km
Láujar de Andarax 48 km
Alhama de Almería 65 km
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