Fuente de Piedra
Fuente de Piedra
Fuente de Piedra is located in the western half of the comarca (region) of Antequera, between Campillos and the boundary with the province of Seville. It is a mainly agricultural municipality having a flat landscape and is well known for the salty Laguna de Fuente de Piedra, which, in addition to its enormous ecological value, is a refuge for many flamingos and other migratory birds, bringing an element to the landscape of extraordinary beauty when the annual successive arrival rituals, nesting, and so on, occur. In 1981, the lagoon became National Game Refuge, and today is the National Reserve home to the largest breeding colony of flamingos.
The Laguna de Fuente de Piedra is related to the settlement of people in the area in prehistoric times. According to archeological remains found, it seems that man has been here since prehistoric times, and has since remained continuously until the arrival of the Iberians, who became established as the indigenous culture and maintained commercial relations with Phoenicians and Carthaginians.
The lands around the Laguna de Fuente de Piedra were occupied by the Romans in the second century BC, and given the name “Fons Divinus”, or “divine source” in recognition of the medicinal properties of its waters. The proliferation of Roman sites mark the significance of the area during the Upper and Lower Empire.
In 1461, Don Rodrigo Ponce de Leon, Lord of Marchena, and Luis de Pernia, captain of the garrison of Osuna, took possession of the region after the Battle of Madroño and expelled the Moors who then inhabited it. The area was virtually uninhabited until 1547 when Antequera decided to create a suburb to accommodate renal patients, who were moved in large numbers to take the waters from its ¨fuente¨ (fountain).
The importance of these waters contributed greatly to a commercial surge in the area, they came to be exported to the New World and the Kingdom of Naples. After the prosperity of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the eighteenth century and early nineteenth century were in crisis, because the continuing drought in the Laguna favoured the spread of epidemics that ravaged the population and had a very bad effect on the reputation of the area. The reason for the epidemic was blamed on the vapors exhaled from stagnant water by the Fuente, caused by a power failure, until in 1969 it was decided to bury it. Since 1983 there have been serious efforts at a recovery, this has mostly been achieved.
The Laguna Fuente de Piedra
The Laguna Salada de Fuente de Piedra, located in the north of the province of Malaga is undoubtedly the most important area for the reproduction of Common Flamingo (Phoenicopteus ruber roseus) in the Iberian Peninsula, and is a place of exceptional importance for the nesting and reproduction of these and other birds, a circumstance that has led to it being considered one of the most important wetlands in Andalusia.
Casa del Conde del Castillo del tajo
Virgen de las Virtudes Church
Palacio del Conde
Gastronomy of Fuente de Piedra
There are important products from the lans, such as olive oil and flour.
Among local typical dishes are gazpacho, “porra” and migas.
The A-45 (N-331) connects Antequera, near to Fuente de Piedra, with the A-92. On this road, in the direction of Seville, and after traveling just under 20km, you will arrive at Fuente de Piedra.
Distances from Fuente de Piedra
Antequera 22 km
Cordoba 100 km