Fuenteheridos is an small town located in the heart of the Natural Park of the Sierra de Aracena and Picos de Aroche, it is one of the most important protected areas of the Community, which occupies the entire north of the province with its meadows and small hills covered predominantly with oak forests, cork trees, chestnut trees and scrub, where numerous streams flow, forming a place of extraordinary beauty.
Its urban structure is characteristic of the region, with narrow cobblestone streets, clean and tidy, and typical village houses which form a harmonious and welcoming community. It is listed as a place of cultural interest. Of particular interest are the Church of the Holy Spirit (la Iglesia del Espíritu Santo), the Plaza del Coso and la Fuente de los Doce Caños (fountain), and the finca “Villa Onuba” which has a beautiful botanical garden.
The story of Fuenteheridos begins in the Muslim period. There are indications and remains from this period in the Cerro Castillejo, which may have been a fort.
With the arrival of Christian rule during the thirteenth century, Fuenteheridos was first mentioned in the records. Even though the strongholds of Aracena and Aroche were conquored by the kingdom of Portugal, they soon passed into Castillian hands.
The entire sierra area came under Castillian domain, which only a few villages avoided, one of them being Fuenteheridos whose population belonged to Leon from the mid-thirteenth century.
It was decided to build the foundations of what was to become Fuenteheridos at a site with plenty of water, la Fuente de los Doce Caños. After the conquest, Fuenteheridos became Royal land, belonging to the city of Seville, the monarch being the true owner of the village. This situation lasted until the middle of the sixteenth century, when Don Fadrique Enrique de Rivera, the Duke of Alcala, bought sites in Galaroza in 1559, which included the villages of Fuenteheridos and Alájar, maintaining his jurisdiction until 1621.
In the seventeenth and early eighteenth century Fuenteheridos had a common history with Galaroza, which it depended upon administratively, although it came more and more under the designation of Aracena.
In 1621 these lands formed part of the jurisdiction of the Duke of Olivares. From 1645 it became a dependency of the Marquis of Astorga or Count of Altamira, “who was entitled Prince of Aracena” (Gonzalez Sanchez, CA, 1988), until its dissolution in 1812, a time of autonomy and liberalism. Previously, in 1716, Fuenteheridos gained its independence from Galaroza and the right to become a town, becoming a village of the Crown, newly dependent on Seville.
The oldest written records in which Fuenteheridos is mentioned date back to 1685, and appear in a book of reports from the Estate of Vicarías, which can still be seen in the Archives of the Palace of the Archbishop of Seville (Various, 1988).
During the first half of the nineteenth century Fuenteheridos was famous for its marble quarries, which had as a main target the city of Seville (Various, 1988). Exploitation was disrupted before the middle of the century because of difficulties and the conditions of accessibility and transportation.
Declared a site of Historical / Artistic interest.
Parish Church of the Holy Spirit (Iglesia Parroquial del Espiritu Santo) Seventeenth century. Neo-classical style..
Cerro de Castillejos.
Remains of an Arab village.
Fuente de los doce caños (Fountain of the Twelve Channels). 2 million litres of water a day pass through this fountain.
When winter comes, the families gather together for the so-called “la matanza” (slaughter of livestock) in order to produce artesan goods, some of which are eaten on the same day (tenderloins, chops, chitterlings …) This ends up becoming a family gathering and a tourist attraction.
Migas with potatotes, and Olive Oil bread.
To get there from Seville you have to take the exit for Merida on the SE-30 and after passing Santiponce and Las Paján you will arrive at the intersection of Aracena-Portugal (CN-433). Take this road, and after about 60km you will come to Fuenteheridos. On the way you have to pass through Garrobo, Valdeflores, Higuera de la Sierra and Aracena.
Coming from Huelva to Fuenteheridos you have to take the road Huelva-Badajoz (CN-435.). There are several possibilities. The first, and most simple, after passing Jabugo you reach a junction on the CN-433 and continue on this road towards Seville. After passing Galaroza, Fuenteheridos is 7km away.
The second choice is to leave the CN-435 after passing Zalamea la Real, and continue through the mining area (Rio Tinto, Nerva, Campofrio) and you will come to Aracena from where Fuenteheridos can be reached with no difficulty.
To reach Fuenteherridos from Madrid, take the E-90 motorway towards Badajoz. Near Merida you have to take the A-66 (exit 333, Mérida east) to Sevilla. Leave the A-66 near Los Santos de Maimona and take the EX-101 (exit 675) and then enter the N-435. Continue to the junction of the N-433 and turn left in the direction of Sevilla. After passing Galaroza it is 7km further to Fuenteheridos.
Distances from Fuenteheridos
Huelva 108 km
Aracena 10 km
Aroche 33 km
Sevilla 97 km
Badajoz 138 km
Cortelazor 10 km
Navahermosa 4 km
Castaño del Robledo 5,5 km