The municipality of Guadalcanal is located in the far north of the province of Sevilla, being adjacent to the Autonomous Community of Extremadura. It belongs to the Sierra Norte region of Sevilla, including part of its term in the natural park of the same name. The village is situated in a valley between the Sierra del Viento (north) and Sierra del Agua (south).
The first settlers date back to the late Paleolithic period. Evidence of archeological remains recovered in the caves of San Francisco and Santiago support the testament of a Neolithic settlement to later be populated by Iberian settlers.
Archeological remains from the Roman era have been recovered such as ruins of the Vía Emérita, a Roman road which linked Seville and Mérida, a bridge over the arroyo del arco (stream of the arch) and a roman sarcophagus found in the finca de Santa maría (Country estate of Saint Mary) which is undoubtedly the most significant archeological find of this area.
Despite an abundance of castles in their day, today there are hardly any remains of Castillo de la Ventosilla (Castle of Ventosilla).
Many were constructed as attempts by the Christians to take back Guadalcanal from the Moors, until 1241 when the town was finally captured by Don Rodrigo Iñiguez, the fifteenth Gran Maestro de la Orden de Santiago (Leader of the order of Santiago) and commander of Montalbán, to whom the town was ceded an remained under the control of this order.
Upon the remains of the former Arabic fortress the Castle of the Encomienda was built which subsequently became the present day church of Santa María de la Asunción.
The town of Guadalcanal has an important artistic heritage which was officially recognized by declaration in 2004 as an important historical collection.
In the year 2006 the Association Historical Settings and Popular Architecture of Andalusia comes up, a network made up of five provincial councils, social agents and twenty three villages of Andalucia: Alájar, Almonaster la Real, Aroche, Linares de la Sierra, Zufre, Cazalla de la Sierra, Constantina, Guadalcanal, Bujalance, Dos Torres, Montoro, Pedroche, Bubión, Capileira, Castril, Pampaneira, Arquillos, Baños de la Encina, Guarromán, Montizón, Vilches, Vélez Blanco and Vélez Rubio.
The Association promotes the Sustainable Tourism Program “Historic Settings of Andalusia whose main aim is to create a competitive tourist destination under the name Red Patrimonia, offering high quality products and fostering the public and private cooperation to increase the cultural richness of these villages, as well as the protection and improvement of their Heritage and their value.
We can feel emotions, in little cities to be discovered, of singular historic environments, houses with facades and the wealth of monuments from very different periods. It is a whole culture transmitted by the character of its people, its customs, celebrations and folklore, their excellent cookery and its products of guarantee and quality of origin.
Santa Ana Church
San Vicente Chapel
Holy Spirit Convent
San Sebastian Church
Hermitage of Guaditoca
Hermitage of San Benito
Calvary of El Cristo de la Salud
Santa María de la Asunción Parish Church
The lamb and pork products are stellar, with the more traditional specialties, the stew, the Rabada lamb and fried pig. You can also taste traditional dishes made with meat from small game (hare with rice, beans with partridge, etc.). As for vegetables, specialties include dandelion, asparagus, collejas and watercress soup. Another great culinary wealth is the pastry, being our main specialties the gullet, the puff pastry, muffins and cakes oil greaves.
How to get there
From Sevilla to Cantillana by the C-433 and from there to the El Pedroso, Cazalla and Constantina from which you access the rest of Towns of the Sierra Norte.
The company Linesur has frequent daily connections to all villages in the Sierra Norte from the bus station in Plaza de Armas.
By train. The suburban network Sevilla-Santa Justa offers frequent trains stopping at El Pedroso, Cazalla / Constantina and Guadalcanal.
Distances from Guadalcanal
Alanís 12 km
Azuaga 32 km
Sevilla 108 km
Cantillana 74 km
El Pedroso 43 km
Constantina 37 km
Fuente Obejuna 57 km
Cazalla de la Sierra 28 km
The shrine of the Virgin of Guaditoca, patron saint of Guadalcanal, is about 11 kilometres away from Guadalcanal at the top of a beautiful valley.
The shrine was built in the year 1647 and has one nave with three stretches and square heading with vaulted niche, choir and steeple dating from the 18th century.
The pictorial decoration of the barrel vault and the lunettes was realized by the master Juan Brieva at the end of the 18th century.
Calvary of El Cristo de la Salud
The hermitage of the Calvary of the Christ is in the Royal road which took from Guadalcanal to Llerena. It is a Baroque building and dates from the second half of the 18th century. Next to the hermitage is the calvary dating from the same century. A wall of tiles representing a calvary with flowers and some verses is distinguished from the shrine of the Calvary. The Cardinal Solís granted 100 days of indulgence to those who prayed the Credo in front of this Christ. All the walkers who in their comings and goings gave thanks and asked welfare for their relatives approached this hermitage. A festival in honour of the Christ (evening of the Christ) was celebrated formerly in the middle of September in front of the esplanade of this hermitage, later moved to the Plaza of Spain.
España Square Fountain
Santa Ana Fountain