Ibros, Region of La Loma y Las Villas
Ibros is a little town located in the north-west of the region called La Loma y Las Villas. Its municipal district goes down, in a succession open country of olive groves, until the River Guadalimar. The olive grove, with a high quality, occupies all the territory, having developed an important local oil industry. Other important activities are the wood handmade manufacture, the leather and textile. The local life in Ibros is conditioned due to its proximity to the big cities of Linares, Úbeda and Baeza, where the young people find job in the construction, service sectors and the industry.
According to some authors this is the ancient “Ibes” or “Ibris” from the oretanos, where existed a wonderful Iberian king that was named to the town. To this Iberian stage is attributed the famous gigantic wall that is located in its urban area.
The numerous archaeological traces found in its municipal district show an intense human settlement during the Roman Age. We can observe country villages; among them we can emphasize Cortijo del Álamo, the spot of El Horcajo and the one of El Corral del Manchego, where it was found a little necropolis.
During the Islamic Period there were found two inscriptions in the place: the first one, an undertaker’s headstone dated in 1025 that was inlayed in the gigantic wall and moved to the Museo Arqueológico Nacional; the second one, dated in the XII century, we can find it in the Museo Provincial of Jaén.
In 1157 the Christians conquered it, but were in the power of the Arabs, until it was once and for all conquered by Fernando III el Santo. Due to a privilege of Felipe IV from the XVII century in which it is pointed out that only remained “the wall and its fence, and two uncovered towers”, seems to be that the defence of the town was constituted by a fence and a small castle, in which the gigantic wall was reused.
After the conquest by the Castilians, Ibros was divided into two jurisdictions: the first one, “Ibros del Rey “, because it was free and the second one, “Ibros del Señorío” because it belonged to the duke of Santisteban. As well as being a jurisdictional difference this was a socioeconomic one, marked by the high tax that should be paid to the lord. If in1561 the one that was free had 297 inhabitants, the other of lordship hardly had 31 inhabitants. This division has stressed the morphology of the urban area with two adjacent areas: Ibros del rey, around the parish temple and the town hall, with nobles’ ashlars housings, cobbled streets, and Ibros del Señorío, a place full of local colour, that shows that its origin is in families with a lower economic level.
Fortress and gigantic walls.
We can find a great archaeological richness in the area, where it is located Cástulo.
Traditional dishes: Stew with stuffing. Guiñapos (Dough thin strips of flour with chopped onion and garlic fried in oil of pepper, tomato, onion, hare, potatoes and cod). Arroz caldoso (Rice with artichokes, asparagus and fresh broad beans)
Confectionery: Natas (Milk, wheat starch, sugar and yema de huevo (yolk of egg). All curdled double boiler). Flores de gacha de harina. Sweet oatmeal porridges (Toasted flour with milk, sugar and cinnamon). Pericones (Flour dough, oil, egg and sugar)
Other: La Paloma (Anisette dissolved in water, with lemon and sugar)
How to get there
You have to exit Jaén and continue in J-14. Then take the Motorway A-316 towards Mancha Real – Baeza – Úbeda. Alleyway of Puente Nuevo. You have to turn left JV-3043. You have to cross Begíjar, continue in JV-3044 and you get Ibros.
Distances from Ibros
Jaén 49 km
Baeza 5 km
Úbeda 15 km
Linares 17 km
Bedmar 31 km
Jimena 27 km
Sabiote 23 km
Mengíbar 38 km
Torreperogil 23 km