Jamilena is the smallest town in Jaén and it is located in the southwest extreme of La Campiña, at the foot of Sierra de la Grana. Its municipal district is divided into two areas: a serrana one, dedicated to pasture, and another with live grove. Exactly the olive grove, in spite of its small area, is the main economic activity due to the huge number of cultivation lands that we can find in the neighbouring towns. The garlic is another important product but is cultivated in other municipal districts, although the preservation, manipulation, canning and marketing is made in the locality and constitutes one of the main occupations.
Jamilena has a remarkable and ancient history; according to some historians and for the necropolis found in the spot of La Dehesa, the first Iberian settlers who have settled it date from 500 B.C.
The Father Alejandro del Barco, in his work “Las Colonias Gemelas”, tells us that the Roman general Servilismo, defeated Viriato in the nearby mountains to Tucci (Martos) and as consequence he lost the power that exerted over the towns of the region. But it was in the time of the emperor Augusto when for the first time appears our town in the annals of the history with the Latin name of GEMINELLA, and in that moment the emperor Augusto gave the honorary title of Colonia Augusta to the towns of Martos and Torredonjimeno.
The name of Geminella, Gemela or Yabal, was being changed through the centuries and, just as nowadays it is known, appears for the first time in the fourth serranilla (15th –century verse-form) of Marquis de Santillana (1438).
Jamilena was an outstanding place in the Orden de Calatrava and we were connected to it in the time of the Castilian king Fernando II el Santo, December 8, 1228.
The Orden de Calatrava built in Jamilena a monastery of nuns, thanks to the interest of the emperor Carlos V, who requested the Pope Clemente VII the removal of the nuns’ community of San Salvador de Pinilla, diocese of Sigüenza and San Félix de Amaya, diocese of Burgos. The above-mentioned removal was given by means of the Bula Pastorales Office, January 16, 1525.
From this reality we only can observe the beautiful, well built and cosy building where nowadays is located the parish temple, and is dedicated to the Natividad de Nuestra Señora.
Parish Church of Ntra. Sra. de la Natividad
Hermitage of San Francisco&
Typical dishes: Rice with Rabbit (It is seasoned with peppers and roasted garlic)
Machacao (You have to crush the garlic and you have to add grinded tomato and oil. Hard-boiled eggs, oranges and broad beans)
Confectionery: Roscos de Anís – Mantecados – Polvorones
How to get there
You have to exit Jaén and continue in the road of Córdoba. Then take the Motorway A-316 and take the exit towards the Exit 73 – Torredonjimeno – Jamilena. In the roundabout take the exit 3 and continue in JV-2211 towards Jamilena. Then you get Jamilena.
To Jaén 17 km
To Martos 6 km
To Arjona 34 km
To Porcuna 32 km
To Los Villares 21 km
To Torredonjimeno 6 km
To Fuerte del Rey 17 km
To Torre del Campo 4,5 km
To Fuensanta de Martos 20 km
To Higuera de Calatrava 25 km