Andalucia Rustica

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Villages in Almeria


Villages in Almeria

Líjar – Sierra de los Filabres de Almería

Líjar is located in Sierra de los Filabres, in mountainous and arid terrains, except in areas of orchards which presents a more humanized green landscape, around which the town is found, whose most important economic activity is marble.

The municipality of Líjar borders on Chercos, Cóbdar, Alcudia de Monteagud, Fines, Albanchez, Cantoria and Macael.

It seems that in these lands human life developed early, as evidenced by the petroglyphs found in various parts of its township, among which we can emphasize the so-called “Piedra de la Herradura”, rocks in which the primitive man recorded indecipherable messages. It is difficult to determine if people knew this Mediterranean villa.
In any case, Punics and Carthaginians were replaced by the Romans, attracted by the wealth of metals in the region. With the Arab occupation it seems that agriculture is more important, reducing mining.

In the Muslim period, Almería has a booming industry of fine fabrics, such as linen and silk. The looms of Líjar did not reach the XX century, but Pascual Madoz counted about 25 textile mills for the manufacture of linen and canvas in this population census made in 1846.

French War

The “smallest town in the Sierra de los Filabres” did not miss the injury suffered by King Alfonso XII during his visit to France, in 1883. The Spanish king was insulted and stoned by French citizens during this visit, because he visited Paris with the Prussian uniform.
The Lijareños did not frightened by the outnumbered and officially declared the war against “the cowardly French Nation,” even though everything was finally a misunderstanding cleared up between the French and Spanish diplomats.

The agreement of the regular meeting day when Líjar rulers agreed to declare war on France on October 14, 1883, is located in the Town Hall, a new building located in the Main Square of the town, as well as the Treaty of Peace signed one hundred years later, in which Líjar and the French Nation ended a century of “bloodless war” (October 30, 1983).
But this is not the first sign of discontent of the inhabitants in Líjar. Almost 400 years before this event, in 1488, the Moors from Líjar rebelled when King Ferdinand left the camp of Vera and went to Murcia. With the capitulations of Purchena, the Moors of Líjar were forgiven.

Líjar Monuments

Parish Church.
Urban area without impact of urban modern buildings.

Square of La Paz


Sausages. Flour and bread crumbs. Rice with rabbit. Olla. Stew. Porridge. Gurullos.

How to get there

You have to exit Almería and take the road to Granada. Cross Huércal de Almería, continue in A-92A. Alleyway of Benahadux. Pass near Tabernas. Alleyway of Tahal and continue until Alcudia de Monteagud. Then follow the signs until you get Líjar.


Albox 23 km
Macael 23 km
Almería 75 km
Cantoria 17 km
Arboleas 29 km
Albánchez 6 km
Olula del Río 24 km
Huércal Overa 45 km
Cuevas de Almanzora 50 km

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