Los Molares Castle
Los Molares Castle
Los Molares Castle is the main monument of Los Molares, and dates back to the beginning of the 14th century, when, between 1310 and 1336 King Fernando IV bequeathed Molar to Lope Gutierrez de Toledo on condition that he built a fortress on a site where it is probable that there was already an existing tower from an earlier age. Is located in the center of the town, near the Church of Santa Marta.
In 1430 Los Molares was acquired by Diego Gómez de Ribera for the price of 1600 doblas, and the area became one of considerable splendour. Various generations of the Ribera dynasty took over the castle, the most notable being San Juan de Ribera who was born in 1532 and was brought up there.
Another figure of some importance is the Sevillian poet Baltasar del Alcázar who lived in the castle for some 15 or 16 years, between 1569 and 1584, and was made Mayor of the town. Many of his poems were written whilst he was living there.
Description: The Castle retains almost all of its crenulated defensive walls, an asymmetric pentagonal shaped tower, and various naves with vaulted ceilings around its parade ground. The building is constructed in brick, ashlars and tapial(compressed earth). The doorway, built in ashlars, is formed by a round recessed arch, above which, framed by an eight-sided card, there is a coat of arms divided into four sections and decorated with a heraldic motif.
Los Molares History
The first human settlement in the urban nucleus of the town of Los Molares occurred during the Neolithic, about 6000 years ago, although it cannot be ruled out that future research will also confirm the existence of an Upper Paleolithic in the municipality. The Neolithic dolmens are found in the town center and are considered one of the oldest megaliths in Western Andalusia, along with the Alberite Dolmen in Villamartín. Bone samples from the skeletons were dated to around 4000-3500 BC. The Cañada Real Dolmen was excavated in 1968 by the historian Juan de Mata de Carriazo y Arroquia and the Palomar Dolmen in 1980, under the direction of Diego Alonso with the Archaeological Museum of Seville, a dolmen that is currently missing. A recent geophysical survey (year 2019), has located another structure next to the Cañada Real Dolmen, which could be a new funerary megalithic monument. Currently, a project is being worked on to recover both megalithic landmarks. Read more…