Lucena is situated in the southeastern province of Cordoba in an area of countryside rich in cereals and olive groves in the vicinity of la Subbetica.
Within the region are extensive areas of great interest such as la Reserva Natural de la Laguna Amarga, named for the Paraje Natural del Embalse de Malpasillo, curious examples of how human action is assimilated by nature. All these areas are an important part of all wetlands in the south of Cordoba, home to numerous species of birds.
The city, one of the most important of the province offers many tourist attractions, from its history, represented in buildings like the Castle and the old palace of Medinaceli, the Church of St. Mateo, the House of the Counts of Santa Ana or the House of Rico de Rueda, his craft tradition, especially in jewelry and pottery, its gastronomy, which is shown in the wines, and finally their fiestas.
Today the city is an important and thriving industrial centre.
The role played by this crossroads town, known as the Ciudad de los Tres Culturas and by the Jews of the Middle Ages as la Perla de Sefarad has favoured human occupation of this land since times going back to the Lower and Middle Paleolithic eras. Its role in the early Muslim period is very important because it was the main centre of the Jewish population in Al Andalus. It was an important Jewish college, many of whose later scholars would travel to Toledo to found the Escuela de traductores (School of Translators.)
From the Jewish age there is an array of small, narrow streets in the town centre, around the old synagogue, called la Juderia (9th to 11th centuries), la Juderia long before the namesake of Cordoba (12th century) or Barrio de Santa Cruz de Sevilla (11th century).
The role of the lords of Lucena was important in the conquest, as it was for centuries a border town. It was important to the battle of Martin Gonzalez, where he captured the last king of Granada, Boabdil, who was imprisoned for some time in the Torre del Castillo del Moral.
Since the democratic era, Lucena has had a rapid economic growth becoming today one of the main industrial centres of Andalusia. Without losing its primary industry sector (Lucena is the second largest producer of olives in the world after the city of jienense de Martos, besides being an important wine-growing denominacion de origin of Montilla-Moriles), Lucena is now the second largest producer of furniture in the country after Valencia and the largest producer of industrial refrigeration (80% of national production), among other industries.
Lucena and la Ruta del Tempranillo
Lucena at the time of the bandoleros was one of the commercial and economic centres and attractions of this area of Andalusia. During the nineteenth century the transit of passengers and the transfer of freight from Lucena made a strategic move that the bandoleros carried out their assaults and robberies of merchandise.
José María “El Tempranillo” and his band often walked the streets of this beautiful city.
San Mateo Parish Church
San Francisco de Paula Church. XVII century.
Santo Domingo Parish Church
Del Moral Castle
Santiago Parish Church (Mudejar) of XVI.XVI century.
Parroquia del Carmen. Church
San Juan de Dios Church & Hospital , now San Juan Bautista Church.
Cloister of St. Francis of Assisi (XVIII century).
San Martín Church (XVII century).
San Pedro Martir Church (former Dominican convent) XVI. XVI century.
Santuario de Nuestra Señora de Araceli (1562)
Ntra Sra del Valle Chapel (XVIII century).
Dios Padre Chapel
Capilla de Jesús Nazareno
Iglesia del Convento de la Madre de Dios (XVI century).
Prison of Boabdil, in the Castillo del Moral, with its octagonal tower, formerly palacio of Medinaceli.
Statue of Altis (mythological Greek pastor).
Fortified town remains (VIII century BC).
Casa de las Víboras. .
Casa del Marques of Comares.
Casa de las Pilas.
Old Town Hall.
Edificio del Banco Central.
Fuente del Ejido.
Condes de Santa Ana Palace (Torres – Burgos).
Casa de los Rico Rueda.
Gastronomy in Lucena
The cuisine of Lucena is rich in flavors and imagination, with predominantly locally produced ingredients. Dishes of long tradition include rona de habicholones, which is made with leftover bean stew, mashed and seasoned, and served cold with salad of cauliflower, spinach dumplings and chestnut soup. The pastry, consisting mainly of hojaldres, mostachomes and turron, is of high quality.
FROM CORDOBA AND MALAGA:
Via the N-331, which links the cities with Antequera .
Via the motorway Sevilla – Malaga (A-92), leaving it in Estepa, to continue the C-338, which connects with Esteppe and Lucena, passing through Puente Genil .
You can go via the autovia linking the capital of the Alhambra with Malaga (A-92), leaving it in Antequera to continue by the N-331 or you can go by the road leading to Alcalá la Real (N-432) and then continue along the C-336 toward Lucena. You can also leave the A-92 between Loja and Archidona to take the C-334, which crosses Iznajar Reservoir and passes Rute, leading to Lucena.
Via the N-324 to continue to Torredonjimeno by the N-321, crossing Martos and Alcaudete, towards Priego de Cordoba, where you continue along the C-336 to Lucena.
Distances from Lucena
Cordoba 69 km
Carcabuey 26 km
Nacimiento 10 km
Rute 20 km
Zambra 11 km
Cabra 12 km
Doña Mencia 23 km
Luque 31 km
Zuheros 27 km