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Villages in Jaen

Mengíbar

Villages in Jaen

Mengíbar – Comarca de la Campiña

Mengíbar is a jiennense town located at the easternmost point of La Campiña. It borders the neighboring municipalities of Jabalquinto, Torreblascopedro, Villargordo, Jaén, Cazalilla and Espeluy.

Traditionally it has kept a balance between the agriculture and the industry, since it used its strategic location at the foot of the N-323 BailénMotril (motorway of Granada). With reference to the farming, the municipal district of Mengíbar is divided into the herbaceous crops and the olive grove, being all its area irrigated lands and emphasizing the fertile lowlands of the Rivers Guadalquivir and Guadalbullón. The dominant crops are the olive groves, the sunflower, the cotton and the cereals (wheat, barley and maize). We can see a varied industry, from the paper mill until the textile, the telephony, the one of metal, the oil and the one of refinery.

The Iberian town of Ossigi, located by Cayo Plinio next to Mengíbar, will be the scenario of fights between the Romans and the Carthaginian general Aníbal. When the Carthaginians were defeated, the Romans impose to the Iberian nucleus a tax, Ossigi will deny to pay and years later will be devastated and its inhabitants put to the sword.

The Christian conquest was carried out by the king Fernando III and later ceded to the Orden de Santiago.

In the time of the king Alfonso X it will appear with the name of Mexibar.

In 1574 the king Felipe II gives the independence of the jurisdiction of Jaén in exchange for 22.500 ducats.

In 1808 it will be scene of the first defeat of the Napoleonic cavalrymen during the Independence War.

Mengíbar Monuments

Parish Church of San Pedro, XVI and XVII centuries. It was built by Alfonso de Barba, Vandelvira’s disciple.
Tower of Mengíbar.
Hermitage of El Señor de las Lluvias
Hermitage of Santa María Magdalena
Palace House of the counts of Garcíez, XVI century.
Town Hall
Sanctuary of La Virgen de la Cabeza.

Archaeological Sites

Remains of Moslem fortresses.

Town Planning

Mountain town.
Arcade Square.

Museums
Historical local Museum.

Gastronomy

Pipirrana (a typical summer dish)
Migas (fried breadcrumbs with chorizo, radish, herrings, cod)
ratatouille of tomato and pepper (typical in fair)
Meatballs of cod (typical in Lent days)

How to get there

You have to exit Jaén and continue through the road J-14. In the roundabout, take the exit 2 and continue through E-902 / A-44 towards Bailén – Madrid. Take the exit towards: Salida 18 – Villargordo – Mengibar. Then continue towards Mengíbar and take the Motorway A-6000, later the A-313 towards Mengíbar.

Distances

Jaén 29 km
Espelúy 9,5 km
Sevilleja 23 km
Cazalilla 7,5 km
Jabalquinto 12 km
Tobaruela 21 km
Villargordo 10 km
Caserío de Torrubia 31 km
Villanueva de la Reina 12 km


Un comentario

  1. Carme escribio:

    Buenas tardes, estamos interesados en visitar la provincia de Jaen.

    No gustaria visitar algun Olivar y tambien nos han comentado que habia campos de Algodon pero desconocemos cuando es el mejor tiempo para conocerlos.

    Agradeceriamos nos informara o nos dijera donde podemos encontrar esta informacion, pues no sabemos encontrarla.

    Agradecidos de antemano

    Saludos
    Carmen

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