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Villages in Córdoba

Montilla

Villages in Córdoba

Montilla

Montilla is situated to the south of the province of Cordoba (Andalucia, Spain) in the heart of the countryside along the edge of the main roads: the A-45 (Autovia de Malaga), N-331 Cordoba-Malaga, the A -309(N-IV/N-331) and the railway line Madrid – Cadiz.

Located less than 90 minutes from the main provincial capital cities and airports in Andalucia, it is an almost obligatory stop on the routes linking the Mediterranean coast of Andalucia. It is the birthplace of el Gran Capitan , San Francisco Solano and the homeland of Inca Garcilaso de la Vega or San Juan de Avila, whose remains are preserved in la Iglesia de la Encarnacion (Church of the Incarnation).

There are various interpretations of its toponym: in the eighteenth century it was attributed to the contraction of “monte villa”, other students attributed it to Monte Ulía or Montiella (from the Arabic Mondelia) and probably from la Montilyana in los Anales Palatinos de Alhakan II quoted on the journey between Atana and Wacita Milihah (Cabra).

It is now thought that the name has clear Castilian roots as it first appears in la Cronica de Alfonso XI (1333) and the Book of hunting of this monarch, and in various documents of the second half of the fourteenth century, as Montiella.

The Roman influx is evidenced by numerous discoveries, among which is the torso of Diana found in the Casilla de la Lampara, along with other sculptural fragments, and some construction debris and bricks with inscriptions, which give the impression of a villa. Similarly in the fields are some public works such as paved roads framed and edged by curbs.

Of the Muslim period few traces remain, having been reconquered by Ferdinand III in the thirteenth century, and dependant on the city of Cordoba.

In 1257 Alfonso el Sabio (Alphonso the Wise) ceded the lordship to Don Gonzalo Yanez Dominal. Pedro I in 1351 donated it to Don Alfonso Fernandez Coronel, who lost it in two years in favor of the Crown. Henrique II, in 1367, donated it to Gomez Carrillo; it then reverted to the monarch, and was granted in 1371 to Lope Gutiérrez, mayor of Cordoba, via primogeniture, who in 1375 gave it to Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba in exchange for various properties in Guadalcázar.

It was from the second third of the fourteenth century when the first news of the town and castle of Montilla were first published and it was from 1371 when they became independent from Aguilar. Montilla remained, from 1375, and for the rest of the era of the Late Middle Ages, held by Fernandez de Cordoba. Thus it is believed that Montilla was the birthplace of Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba, el Gran Capitan (the Great Captain).

Philip IV entitled it “Ciudad” in 1630. The government of Carlos III recognized the local offering as they sought the recovery of Gibraltar in 1779. This year, August 24, 1779, was founded in Montilla the first Economic Society of Friends of the province.

Between 1808 and 1811 it was occupied by Napoleonic troops.

Montilla Monuments

(Church) of the old hospital of San Juan de Dios (1664)
Paseo de las Mercedes, with its monument to el Gran Capitan (Great Captain).
Town Hall of Montilla, nineteenth-century architecture.
Constitution Square.
Theatre Garnelo.
College of the Salesians, 1889.
Casa de las Camachas, with its patios.
The Tercia, of the 20’s.
Torre de Santiago.
Barrio de La Escuchuela.
Santa Clara Arch.
Old Palace of Medina.
Paseo de Cervantes or Paseo de Abajo.
San Sebastian Parish Church (XIII).
Santiago Apostol Parish Church
Santa Clara Convent, with a plateresque doorway (XVI).
San Lorenzo Convent (s. XVI).
San Agustín Convent (XVI).
Santa Ana Convent (XVII).
Oratory of San Luis Obispo and San Ildefonso (XVII).
San Francisco Solano Church, built on his birthplace (XVII).
San Juan de Ávila Basilica
Convent-hospital of St. John of God (XVII).
Ermita de la Rosa.
Altar of the Chapel of San Juan Bautista (sixteenth century, Juan Castillejo).
Altarpiece of the Church of Santa Ana (XVII century, images of Pedro Roldán).
Altarpiece of the San Agustin Church (XVII century).
Altarpiece of the parish church of San Francisco Solano (eighteenth century, Lorenzo Gaspar de los Cobos).
Imagery of Christ tied to the column (seventeenth century, Juan de Mesa the Younger).
Imagery San Pedro de Alcantara (XVII, Pedro de Mena).
Imagery of Christ of Mercy (Parish of San Sebastian).
Altarpiece of the Good Shepherd (XVI century, Baltasar del Aguila).
Processional monstrance (casket or reliquary) of Santiago (nineteenth century, Manuel de Aguilar).
House where lived el Inca Garcilaso de la Vega.

Santa Clara Convent

Convento de Santa Clara de Montilla - Turismo Religioso

Convento de Santa Clara - Turismo Religioso de Montilla

Convento de Santa Clara

Convento de Santa Clara

Sagrado Corazón de Jesús

Turismo Religioso - Sagrado Corazón de Jesús

Oratory of San Luis

Ermita Oratorio de San Luis - Turismo Religioso

Ermita Oratorio de San Luis

Santa Ana Church (17th century)

Iglesia de Santa Ana de Montilla - Turismo Religioso

María Auxiliadora Church

Iglesia de María Auxiliadora - Santuario de Montilla

Iglesia de María Auxiliadora

Santico Chapel

Ermita del Santico

Belén Chapel

Sagrado Descendimiento Chapel

Capilla del Sagrado Descendimiento

Rosa Chapel

Ermita de la Rosa de Montilla

San Agustín Church (16th century)

Iglesia de San Agustín

Iglesia de San Agustín

Campanario de la Iglesia de San Agustín de Montilla

Archaeological

Montilla Castle
Trance Pajares (Lower and Middle Paleolithic).
Cerro Triguillos (Middle Paleolithic and Chalcolithic)).
Fuente del Pez/Fuente Migas (Mesolithic).
El Juncal (EarlyChalcolithic).
The Mill (Early Chalcolithic).
Wells (Chalcolithic plenary).
Canillo (Chalcolithic plenary).

Urban

Village in Santa Cruz.
Typical street: Puerta de Aguilar.
Calle Coradera.
Graneros ducalos.
Calles Iglesia and Gran Capitan (Manor houses ).
Llano de Palacio.
Municipal Museum of Archaeology.

Gastronomy

Salmorejo. Garlic gazpacho. Asparagus casserole. Montilla kidneys. Montillana artichokes. Meat marinades in wine. Veal. Stewed pig’s feet.
Sweets: Gachas de mosto.(A type of fritter)Arrope. Gachas de coscurrones. Alfajor.Rosco Pedro Ximenez. Polvorones.Chocolates. Curds. Delicado. Pastelon “angel hair”. Borrachuelos. Cangrejos (sweet egg yolk, fried, honey-colored and light).

Directions

Out of Cordoba. Take I-5 / A-4 direction: N-432, Granada – Seville . Follow directions: Exit 408 – Malaga. Continue: A-45. Passing near La Rambla. Take the exit towards: N-331. At the roundabout, take exit 1 Continue: N-331. Arrive at Montilla.

Distances

Rute 46 km
Cabra 26 km
Baena 37 km
Lucena 30 km
Cordoba 44 km
Zuheros 38 km
Santaella 24 km
Carcabuey 43 km
Dona Mencia 35 km
Priego de Cordoba 50 km

Montilla Fountains and Springs

Town Hall

Montilla Town Hall

San Juan de Dios

Edificio de San Juan de Dios de Montilla

Duques de Medinaceli Palace

Palacio Duques de Medinaceli de Montilla

La Tercia

San Juan de Ávila House

Casa San Juan de Ávila

Garnelo Theater

Garnelo Theater Montilla

Courthouse

Palacio de Justicia de Montilla

Obispo Pérez Muñoz Square

Residencia de Mayores San Juan de Dios - Montilla

Inca House

Casa del Inca de Montilla

Casa del Inca - Montilla

Casa de las Aguas (Museum Garnelo – Fundación Biblioteca Manuel Ruiz Luque – Archivo de Protocolos)

Casa de las Aguas (Museo Garnelo - Fundación Biblioteca Manuel Ruiz Luque - Archivo de Protocolos)

Casa de las Aguas (Museo Garnelo - Fundación Biblioteca Manuel Ruiz Luque - Archivo de Protocolos)

Casa de las Aguas (Museo Garnelo - Fundación Biblioteca Manuel Ruiz Luque - Archivo de Protocolos)

Santa Clara Arch

Arco de Santa Clara de Montilla

Rosa Square

Plaza de la Rosa de Montilla

Purísima Concepción Square

Arbón Cross

Cruz de Arbón de Montilla


2 comentarios

  1. Pepita Arce Sanchez escribio:

    Me podria informar sobre la historia de los arcos de la puerta de Aguilar?

  2. Manuel Isorna Santos escribio:

    Agradecería información sobre la posibilidad de poder disponer de un guía turístico, en el caso de que el ayuntamiento disponga de este servicio, para un grupo de 30 personas en visita de sábado.
    Gracias.

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