Andalucia Rustica

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Archaeological Sites of Andalucia

Munigua Archaeological Site

Archaeological Sites of Andalucia

Munigua Archaeological Site

The Munigua Archaeological Site is located in the Andalusian municipality of Villanueva del Río y Minas, Sevilla Province.

History

4th century B.C. – 1st century B.C.
A previous Ibero-Roman settlement in the city of Munigua is known that has its origins in the 4th century B.C. A part of the town prior to the Roman city was located under the terraces Sanctuary. Domestic and industrial activity has been documented in the lowest area of the city.

1st century B.C. – 1st century A.D.
The oldest stages of the so-called house 2 are from the Roman Republic and Augustine era, which demonstrates the continuity of the Munigua settlement during the change of era.

Final third of the 1st century A.D. – End of 3rd century A.D.
The greatest splendour of the city coincides with the granting of municipium status to Munigua by the Vespasian emperor. From that time, the now Municipium Flavium Muniguense will suffer an authentic urban remodeling that will affect, fundamentally, the eastern hillside that is raised in this location. They will construct new buildings such as the terrace Sanctuary, the Forum, the so-called Podium Temple or the Aedicula of Mercury. They will construct new rooms in the thermal baths and at least some of the sections of the wall will be raised during this period. At the end of the 3rd century they suffered an earthquake that marked the beginning of its decline.4th century – 12th centuryThe continuity of the settlement of this city has been witnessed until hat least the Almohad period, although it never again had the importance it achieved in the fi rst, second and third centuries.

Findings

Over the course of the different excavation campaigns they have recovered in Munigua 45 high quality sculptures and more than 150 terracotta pieces from the 2nd century A.D., the majority of the latter originating from the funeral goods. From the funeral goods they also recovered jewels, vitreous and ceramic pots, vanity articles and coins.

Numerous are the inscriptions that bring us closer to the Muniguen society. Among all of them, it is worth mentioning a bronze tessera in which a contract that establishes the fidelity and clientelism of the Muniguen people with the Sextio Curvio Silvino Narbonne magistrate. Of great importance is also a bronze epistle, from the emperor Titus to the residents of Munigua. In it the emperor imposes a judgement to be honoured by the inhabitants of this city.


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