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Villages in Almeria

Pechina

Villages in Almeria

Pechina – Sierra de Alhamilla – Pechina Valley

Pechina is a town found in the middle in the of the valley from where it gets its name, at the foot of Sierra de Alhamilla, with low white houses, dominated by the church which towers over the vast citrus groves, and the hills and ravines that make up the landscape. The area around Pechina has been designated the Natural Park Sierra de Alhamilla, which is of great ecological interest, having a landscape of lush vegetation (consisting of a very well preserved oak forest and reforested pine), and also it is of ornithological importance.

This valley was one of the gateways to the lower Iberian peninsula from the East, for the Mediterranean cultures, nearby were found Roman and Arab artifacts, possibly from an Arab town, which may have been the origion of modern Almeria, and also for its geographical location, mild and healthy climate all year round, and fertile land, irrigated by the largest river Almería. The Sierra Alhamilla thermal spring is gaining prestige day by day for the quality of its calcium bicarbonate waters.

For the Romans, Pechina (known as Urci) was an important land post for trade, and by sea it was known as the “Portus Magnus” as a trading point for textile crafts of linen and silk and other products from the East and Byzantium. It was the first episcopal see of San Indalecio, one of seven apostolic men. Arabs settled here for eight about centuries, under the emirate of Córdoba, their leader Umar b. Aswad al-Gassani surrounded it with walls and built a splendid mosque similar to that in Cordoba. With Rahman III it became the caliphate of almirantazgo.

When Almería was given to the Catholic Monarchs, Pechina remained important to the area, despite being inhabited mainly by moors, 66 houses in total. Despite the devoted Catholic worship, the church still retains its original Arabic design, having beautiful pointed arches, but the Christians changed, among other things, the main portal which now looks to the North, but the Mudejar steeple, with its three bells still remains.

After the war that led to the expulsion of the Moors, the new population of Pechina came from Andalusia, Murcia, and Valencia, together with some Moors who were able to escape deportation. The Arabs left behind their agricultural prowess, irrigated agriculture through water pipes in batches, even ditches that remain today. The area now under cultivation is composed of small plots of olive trees and fig trees whose fruits are destined almost exclusively for export, with a smaller amount for home consumption. Industrial activity was limited then, being only three mills and small artisan workshops producing agricultural products and textiles.

Population growth in the eighteenth century led to the need for new farmland, under private initiative work began in the area known as  “El Marraque”, which had a spring providing abundant water, enough to fertilize over 1600 acres.  Pechina had three separate “barrios” or neighborhoods, and in 1850 the inhabitants of that time already had a primary school, town hall, 5 shops and a tavern.  Don Claudio Sanz y Torres, Bishop of Almería, later organised the building of the town baths.

The twentieth century undoubtedly saw the most important changes to the valley and its people, who became engaged in good quality grape cultivation, with a doubling of population, and also profits, buildings are now better constructed, like the summer palace and large buildings belonging to the parish church that housed the religious order of Carmelites of Charity, a Franciscan order. Also, a stylish theatre was built, where Juan del Moral Perceval premiered his drama “Marisol.”

This prosperous time was overshadowed by the crisis in international markets due the First World War, the cultivation of the vine being replaced by orange trees, and perhaps outdated agricultural structures made it difficult to maintain strong competition or begin work on new products. This led to unprecedented population migration to France, Argentina, Venezuela, Barcelona until 1987 when Pechina had only 2093 inhabitants. Pechina today has about 700 farms, but also with serious water problems, and although the overall unemployment is low, we see a slight industrial development mainly related to industries in the capital.

Pechina. having been Muslim, Moorish and Christian has a legend which the village elders tell of the beautiful Aisa, who every night while combing her beautiful hair with a silver comb, cried so many tears for her impossible love of a Christian that the tears formed a well, and since then she has been condemned to walk through the waters of the well every full moon, trapped forever in those same waters.

Pechina Monuments

Apostolic Church of San Indalecio

Archaeological Sites

Bayyana archaeological site.

Town planning

Sierra Spa Alhamilla.
Hot spring known as the Phoenician and Roman but it was the Arabs who used it more. It was abandoned for many years until in 1776 when a resort was built a near the fountain.

Gastronomy in Pechina

Sausages. Alpujarreña fried meats. Choto cabañil with garlic. Stew of turnips with pork liver. Tabirnas colors (potato stew with red peppers, onions and garlic).

Sweets: Roscos Semana Santa ( usually at Easter). Soplillos (egg and almond). Honey muffins. Donuts.

Directions

Exit Almería. Take road to Granada and continue to Huércal of Almeria. Pass Huércal and continue to Almeria: Carretera de Almería. Pass Viator. At the roundabout, take exit 3 Continue to: ALP-110 ALP-814. Enter Pechina.

Distances from Pechina

Rioja 4 km
Viator 3.5km
Almeria 11km
Gádor 7.5 km
Paulenca 8 km
Benahadux 2.5 km
Huércal Almeria 4.5 km

Pechina Town Hall

Pechina

 Virgen del Carmen Chapel - Pechina

José Salas Abad Square


4 comentarios

  1. Manuel Ángel escribio:

    Les ruego perdonen mi incultura de antemano. Tengo oído por personas muy mayores que, en épocas anteriores, el mar llegaba hasta Pechina, cosa que me resulta muy extraña.
    ¿Alguien podría confirmarme esta aseveración, por favor? Y, de ser cierto me gustaría saber hasta qué época llegaba el mar hasta allí.
    Muchas gracias

  2. Manuel Maldonado Beltrán escribio:

    Soy nieto de Cornelio Beltrán Sanchez, “Cornelio el de la viuda” y de Maria Muñoz Almécija, “Mariquita la fraila”, modista. Mi madre, Carmen Beltrán Muñoz. Después de la guerra civil mis abuelos se fueron a Almería y allí nací yo. Mis tios fueron: Manuel (tiendas Beltrán en Almería) y Francisco, médico en Estados Unidos. Cuando era niño y mozo fui muchas veces con mi abuelo a ver Pechina y conocer algunos de sus amigos (el Chimeneo y su esposa la Melguiza, etc.), Nuestro médico fue siempre un Morcillo, también pechinero.
    Mis abuelos me contaron muchas cosas de su pueblo y sus gentes y, desde muy pequeño empecé a amar a esa tierra tan hermosa y original, los “bárbaros de Pechina”, mis orígenes.

  3. SALVADOR . EL SOLDAO 1982 escribio:

    estuve haciendo la mili en Viator . y tuve como familia a toda PECHINA . de la cual les tengo gratos recuerdos y muy buenos momentos vividos. me gustaría saber de sus gentes. nuestra familia es los PALENZUELA . Estamos distanciados y no hemos podido contactar mas . pero mis saludos y de mi hermano . que tuvo en su padre . nacido en Pechina. tuve la suerte de quedarme todo el año . gracias al BRIGADA CAPARROS. estupenda persona y agradecido por su ayuda . también puedo recordar a una chica especial BELEN . Y como no a PACHECO gran amigo y persona. si alguien sabe de ellos por favor . mando mi correo para saber . GRACIAS PECHINA . tengo muchas ganas de visitaros ….besos y abrazos

  4. Paquita Martínez Almansa escribio:

    Mi padre Lucas Martínez Gazquez, nació en Pechina y que orgulloso estaba de su pueblo y de su tierra, aunque tuvo que emigrar nunca renego de sus raíces y nosotros sus hijos tampoco, estamos muy orgullosos del amor que nuestros padres nos inculcaron por nuestro lugar de nacimiento.

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