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Villages in Córdoba

Peñarroya – Pueblonuevo

Villages in Córdoba


Peñarroya-Pueblonuevo, which is the economic capital of the Alto Guadiato, welcomes visitors via the Peñon or by the Peña Roja. Coming by the N-432 from Córdoba and after passing Belmez, you arrive first at Pueblonuevo and later Peñarroya, although these two constitute a single borough, they are actually two very different entities. Peñarroya is older (of which there are writings from the thirteenth century), extends out into the heat and also under the shadow of the imposing Peña; and Pueblonuevo, which owes its origins to the mining boom at the end of the last century.

The streets of the latter are laid out almost as in a graph, occupying a wide plain, while Peñarroya, lying at the foot of the Rock, has more inclination and is the classic rural village of peasant houses.

The union of two towns, which were independent until 1927, led to the current Pueblonuevo, whose name has a different origin. Peñarroya refers to the reddish colour of the rock beneath which it extends through the village; Pueblonuevo alludes to the more recent creation as they emerged from the union of two districts-Pueblonuevo and El Terrible, which had emerged at the peak of mineral development.

The first writings of Peñarroya are contained in the texts of the thirteenth century, to define the municipalities of Belmez parish, which was integrated with Tolote and, subsequently transferred to Fuenteovejuna, which would become more relevant in the sixteenth century.

The discovery of the coal mines, which would change its historical development, dates from the late eighteenth century (1778).

Peñarroya-Pueblonuevo Monuments

Real Iglesia Matriz de Nuestra Senora del Rosaria (Church of Our Lady of the Rosary)
Parroquia in El Salvador and Museum of Fine Arts
Health Centre
French Quarter
Geriatrico Virgen del Rocio
Municipal Library
Colegio Presentacion de Maria
Ayuntamiento (town hall) and Casino del Terrible
Court House
Iglesia (Church) of Santa Barbara
Food Market
Parroquia de San Miguel
Geological Museum – Mining


Rairrán (local variety of gazpacho with cloves of garlic, water, vinegar, salt and olive oil). Potato soup and grapes. Cod and spinach stew. Marinated anchovies. Piglet in marinade. Codillo of San Fernando.
Sweets: sweet Repápalos, also known as Peñarroya bishops, whose ingredients are eggs, oil, sugar, lemon zest, breadcrumbs from the previous day, milk and cinnamon.


Out of Cordoba. Take the N-432. Pass near El Vacar. Turn right: A-449. Enter Pueblonuevo

Distances from Peñarroya-Pueblonuevo

Cordoba 78 km
Bélmez 9.5 km
Pozoblanco 44 km
Fuente Obejuna 22 km
Cabeza del Buey 61 km
Villanueva del Duque 31 km
Almodovar del Campo 13 km

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