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Presas de Embalse en Badajoz

Proserpina Dam and Reservoir

Presas de Embalse en Badajoz

Proserpina Dam and Reservoir

The Roman Dam of Proserpina was built on the bed of the Arroyo Pardillas in the municipality of Mérida, province of Badajoz, Extremadura.

Gravity and homogeneous loose materials dam with a height from foundations of 21,6 meters and a crest lenght of 440 meters.

Roman Proserpina dam dating from the second century, is one of the most important ancient hydraulic performances in the country, being listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO within the Conjunto Arqueológico de Mérida.

The Dam collects water from Arroyo Pardillas and through a connecting channel, also captures water from the Arroyo de las Adelfas, a tributary on the left bank of the Aljucen River.

The Proserpina Dam has a capacity of 5 hm3 and belongs to the Cuenca Hidrográfica del Guadiana (Guadiana River Basin). Its basin covers an area of 25 km2 with an average annual contribution of 1,4 hm3

Uses

Irrigation

Proserpina Dam and Reservoir

Proserpina Dam and Reservoir

The Roman Dam of Proserpina

The Roman dam of Proserpina is the origin (caput aquae) of one of the three water supply systems to the ancient city of Emerita Augusta (currently Mérida), though a conduction that reached the city via the monumental “Los Milagros” aqueduct. Studies conducted on the dam in the lat XX century have shown that the dam was originally constructed between the first and second centuries A.D.

The dam exhibits two different fhases of construction, but both maintain the same structure, a wall of deverse stone masnry with a downstream attached embankment. The wall is about 400 meters long and 21 meters tall at its highest point. It has two intake towers (bocines). The reservoir created by the dam has a capacity of 5 million cubic meters.

The dam and its reservoir have been utilized, though not continuously, from their construction to the present. These purposes have varied throughout the course of History, requiring numerous improvements and repairs. Some of these works have been large in scale, such as those that were carried out in the early XVII century. These actions are responsible for the current appearance of the dam. Today, the dam is managed by Confederación Hidrográfica del Guadiana (National Spanish water Authority) and has social, recreational and cultural uses.

Other near by Dams

Cornalvo Dam | Los Canchales Dam | Presa de Alange

Distances from Proserpina Dam

Alange 32 km
Lácara 33 km
Mérida 7,5 km
Mirandilla 14 km
Valverde de Mérida 18 km
La Nava de Santiago 32 km
San Pedro de Mérida 20 km


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