Rota has approximately 26.000 inhabitants located in the province of Cádiz (Andalucía, Spain), next to the bay of Cádiz. It borders on Chipiona, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Jerez de la Frontera and El Puerto de Santa María.
It is located in the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, halfway between Portugal and Gibraltar, Chipiona is a tourist town, a holiday destination to travellers who come from all the places of Europe. In low season, its main commercial activity is the fishing industry.
The Naval Base of Rota is located inside the town.
With respect to its history and due to its strategic situation between the mouth of the River Guadalquivir and the entrance of the Bay of Cádiz- it has been a passage place from different cultures and civilizations. The origins of Rota go back until the Prehistory, especially to the Brass age, from which it has been found an important necropolis.
Apparently the first name that had this town was “ASTAROTH”, which means “Puerto de Asta”, being “Asta Regia” one of the most important towns of the Tartessian civilization. During the Roman Age it would name “Oraculum Menestei” and later “Speculum Rotae”. Finally, during the Arab invasion it was named “Rabeta Ruta”, and the Christian conquerors will call it “Rotta”.
The Castle of Luna (XIII century)
The Church of La O (XVI century)
Tower of La Merced (XVII century)
Chapel of San Roque (XVII century)
Chapel of La Caridad
Muralla (with the Puertas de Regla, Jerez and the Arco del Muelle)
Los Corrales (declared Natural Monument)
The municipality bases its gastronomy on its native products, but we have to mention its famous tomatoes and pumpkins. From its land and sea, Rota generates its culinary art. We have to emphasize the Urta a la Roteña, the Herring, the omelete with prawns and the incomparable Tintilla de Rota, unique in the world.
How to get there
By Plane: through the International Airport called “La Parra”, in Jerez de la Frontera located to 25 kilometres from Rota. Other airports are the International Airport of San Pablo in Sevilla to 115 kilometres from the town, the one of Gibraltar to 155 kilometres and the Airport of Málaga to 267 kilometres.
By Car: If you leave from Madrid, Sevilla or Jerez, take the “N-IV Madrid-Cádiz” until El Puerto de Santa Maria and take the detour “Rota-Chipiona”. Next you have to take into account that if you want to go to the Villa de Rota (Casco Urbano – Rota Norte) you should have covered 27 kilometres approximately in order to observe the entrance (first bridge) and take the suitable detour.
Cádiz 45 km
Sevilla 127 km
San Fernando 48 km
Jerez de la Frontera 30 km