Sabiote, La Loma y Las Villas Region
Sabiote is a town that belongs to the region of La Loma y Las Villas; it occupies a part of the land located just in the centre.
The best sign of the architectural heritage of this town is, undoubtedly, the Castle, that has its origins in an old hispano-moslem citadel that later Francisco de los Cobos transformed in a renaissance palace of military nature; in 1931 it was declared Historical Monument.
The oldest settlement of Sabiote is located in the city centre, in the area round the castle, where an urgency excavation made in the Square of the Castle allowed to document in the series a settlement that would start during the Copper Age, in the III millennium B.C, without having much information. Although we do not know other settlements from these oldest stages, probably there were some places during this Copper Age in the valley of the River Guadalimar and that emerged in a colonization process of the more fertile lands next to the river.
We certainly know that, at least since the middle of the II millennium B.C., Sabiote and the surroundings of its municipal district has received an intense human occupation, like we can observe in the outcomes of some superficial prospecting works that has been carried out by several teams in the northern slope of La Loma de Úbeda.
Those times of the Bronze Age are characterized by being artificially terraced settlements, usually cutting down the hillsides of the hills and placed platforms over which the housings would be located, that starts to have rectangular or pseudo rectangular floors, with a compartmentalization of the space, stone skirting boards, and with burials under the floors. These are the characteristics we can observe in the settlement found in the area of level ground located in the Plaza del Castillo. Several burials were documented in cist (a small stone-built coffin-like box or ossuary used to hold the bodies of the dead), made up of elaborated sandstones; one of them only had remains of a skull inside it, that due to its size and thickness could be a young child, who kept a layette with some ceramics remains. In another cist we can observe a man in foetal position, with a trousseau made up of a bottle with small mamelons in the shoulder, a small lampshade and two silex knives. In this Bronze Age we also can find the villages of La Cobatilla and the Cerro de la Muela. In this last we can see in the highest part of the plateau some fortification lines and appearing all over the plateau a large number of stones from old structures.
We have a huge lack of information between these more recent stages, because we do not come back to document any occupation until the end of the Iberian Age, between the II and I centuries B.C., moment in which we find a plain settlement, out of the “oppidum”; this is the case of the place known like Cortijo Avenazar, located over a big terrace of the River Guadalimar, a village clearly defined with surface structures that shapes a total of 20 or 30 houses, that had as unit a huge courtyard to which several rooms are fixed, documented by Luis Gutiérrez; just like it happens with Las Norias, a small settlement located over the first terrace of the River Guadalimar’s left bank, that in this moment it has a first settlement, and that it will continue having occupation during later periods.
This model will be cut short from the destruction of Giribaile around the year 80 B.C., and the Romanization will only be manifested from the I century A.C. with the awarding of the Latin right by Vespasiano, this will provoke a kind of village based on the country settlement by the small peasants in which they are known like villas. This is the case of Fuente del Diago, where there are a large number of ceramics remains, “terra sigillata” (a finish and decorating medium used on ancient Middle Eastern and Mediterranean ceramics, especially Ancient Roman pottery), common ceramics and construction elements like the “tégulas” (overlapping roof tiles used in ancient Greek and Roman architecture as a waterproof and durable roof covering).
The Cerro de la Muela will be again occupied, where we find materials that are linked to this period, Cortijo Avenazar, and Las Norias, although in this last place the settlement will carry on until the decline of the Roman Empire period.
Castle, XIII century. It was restored in the XVI century by Vandelvira.
Parish Church, 1500 year. It has a Renaissance style and a Gothic front.
Convent of Carmelitas Descalzas. The church has Renaissance style.
Sabiote Town Planning
A singular urban area.
Puertas. Chiringote, Granada, Pelotero and Téjar.
House of Las Manillas, XVI century.
House of Los Leva, XVI century.
Palace of Las Columnas.
Houses of Moreno de Villena and Milhombres.
Rice with rabbit. Cazuela (flat cake made with vegetables, pine kernels and sesame). Empanadas de Viernes (pies). Artichokes with bread rolls. Migas (breadcrumbs fried with garlic).
Sweets: Roscos de matalahúva (anise bread rolls). Cuajadas (curds). Tortas dormidas (flat cakes). Alpargates (fried bread rolls).
Sabiote How to get there
You have to exit Jaén and continue in J-14. Then take the Motorway A-316 towards Mancha Real – Baeza – Úbeda. Alleyway of Puente Nuevo and follow until you get Baeza. Alleyway of Baeza and Úbeda. Then take the Motorway A-6103 and you get Sabiote.
Distances from Sabiote
Jaén 66 km
Úbeda 9,5 km
Baeza 18 km
Linares 35 km
Arquillos 34 km
Torreperogil 6 km
Villacarrillo 26 km
Navas de San Juan 25 km
Villanueva del Arzobispo 37 km