Andalucia Rustica

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Villages in Cadiz

San Fernando

Villages in Cadiz

San Fernando, Bahía de Cádiz

San Fernando is located in the centre of Bahía de Cádiz, in Andalucía. It has an area of 30 km2 and is communicated with Cádiz by a spit of land of 8 kilometres and to the rest of the Peninsula by the bridge Zuazo.

At northeast the town borders on Puerto Real, at East and southeast on Chiclana de la Frontera and at West on Cádiz. From the North and northeast the town has views to the Bay of Cádiz, and by the south and southwest to the Atlantic Ocean.

With respect to the history of this town we can say that it is confused with the mythology, there were found Punics, Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs archaeological finds, not only like leisure area of the landowners from these towns, but also like potter industry according to many kilns found. However it is considered like the first urban settlement the one that is created around a Carenero, the one of Logar de la Puente, one of the primitive names of the town, and a Castle, the one of San Romualdo, an Arab ribat (a small fortification as built along a frontier during the first years of the Muslim conquest of North Africa) from the medieval age, recently acquired by the Town Council and whose ruins are being restoring.

The arrival of the Borbones to the Spanish throne and the pass of La Isla to the Crown, together with the commercial growth of Cádiz, causes some incipient military enclaves in the territory that in the course of time provokes to the first Departamento Marítimo de España and that was located in San Fernando because of its strategic and protected location through the hard mesh of jets, marshes and canals.

In 1766 it is named its first Town Council, being named Villa de la Real Isla de León. An important event for the rest of the country took place in this town, because it is the only territory in the free Spain where there was not any French invader. Because of this circumstance the Spanish Parliament were here gathered together from September, 24rd 1810 until February, 20 1811, date in which they were moved to Cádiz. In recognition to his brave behaviour during the Napoleonic invasion, the Rey Fernando VII gave it the title of City and a new name: San Fernando.

Monuments in San Fernando

Town Council with Neoclassical style, XVIII century.
Convent of Las Carmelitas descalzas from the XVII century.
Church of San Pedro and San Pablo with Neoclassical style, XVIII century.
Church of El Carmen from the XVIII century.
Castle of San Romualdo with Mudejar style from the XIV century.
Mausoleum of Marinos Ilustres with Neoclassical and Baroque style.
Bridge Zuazo, built over the pillars o fan old Roman aqueduct.
Park of El Almirante Laulhe.
Observatorio Astronómico de la Marina.
Arsenal of La Carraca.
Castle of Sancti-Petri.
Historic Sites of La Calle Real and adjacents.

Town Planning

Historic Sites of La Calle Real and adjacents.

Museums
Naval Museum.
Municipal Museum.
City Archive and Library (art and history).
Navy Observatory and Library.

Bahia de Cádiz Natural Park

San Fernando Gastronomy

We have to mention some typical dishes like: the bienmesabe (a fish), cooked potatoes with young eels, omelettes of prawns, tomato soup, mackerels with tomato and noodles, gilthead bream, etc

Tourist Routes

Route of La Armada
Route of El Camarón
Route Monumental
How to get there
The Isla has the airport of Jerez de la Frontera to 45 kilometres away and the one of Sevilla to 120 kilometres. You can also get both by car, from the Motorway A-4 Sevilla-Cádiz and the Nacional IV Cádiz-Madrid.

You can get San Fernando by train that is really comfortable. It has several combinations that link San Fernando with Sevilla, Madrid or Barcelona. We can emphasize the suburban train that links it with the surroundings and it makes possible move by the area with comfort and speed.

With respect to the bus, in San Fernando we can find daily regular lines that have good connections with Madrid o El Ferrol.

Distances from San Fernando

Cádiz 14 km
Huelva 215 km
Sevilla 127 km
Jerez de la Frontera 33 km


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