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Villages in Almeria

Santa Fe de Mondújar

Villages in Almeria

Santa Fe de Mondújar – Bajo Andarax Region

Santa Fe de Mondújar has 36 km2 and belongs to the region of the Bajo Andarax. It borders on Gérgal, Gádor, Alhama, Alhabia and Alsodux. Geologically, it is occupied mostly by rocks belonging to the complex and snowy-filabride that form Sierra de Gádor and Sierra de los Filabres, within the Betic zone.

The relief of the township is uneven and steep; it is to 223 m. above sea level and to 22 kms far from Almería. The formations of the Filabride area results in a typical landscape of bad lands, subject to the erosion and aridity.

The name of Santa Fe de Mondújar refers to two historical moments of its past. Mondújar which was the first town, was Muslim and located to the south of the town along the river, next to where there was already a Roman watchtower to keep the road of communication between the Roman Acci (Guadix) and Urci (the future city of Pechina). Place names like Moxcolux and Quiciliana, very close to the tower we refer to the Roman past.

In the Middle Ages the Muslim geographer and chronicler called Idrisi, in one of his chronicles refers to the Mondújar tower, describing it in the top of a red hill, near the river, beside which was an inn for the rest of the travellers. In the surrounding area there were built different buildings until turning Mondújar into a town with some importance (176 people), with areas or farmhouses in Guechen (nowadays Huéchar), and where nowadays sits Santa Fe, where only its tower remains as a Nasrid mark. At that time Mondújar together with Marchena and Boloduy formed the Muslim district called Orx Casi.

Santa Fe is a Christian foundation, and replaces Mondújar and Huéchar as population centre in order to accommodate the new settlers in the year 1.573 when, after the Moorish wars these places are deserted. What had been a small Muslim farmstead begins to grow around the Moorish tower (built between the XIII and XIV centuries), which soon adds it another unique building that is a symbol of the new religious and political power: the Parish Church dedicated to La Virgen del Rosario, patron saint of the town and that is a Mudejar-style temple with three naves of basilical plan, with chapel different from the central nave and with a choir at its feet.

This church whose roof was rebuilt in 1.671 with parhilera framework and simple decorative features, has been recently restored, it looks more glory if possible. From the same period is also the chapel of Mondújar, probably built on the ruins of the ancient Muslim mosque and from that nowadays it only preserves the masonry walls, brick and stone quarry and in the main facade, the arch of the entrance crowned by a cornice with cyma profile.

In the XVIII century, José de Careaga who is a descendant of the prince of Almería Cidi Yahaya al-Nayar (old Muslim governor of the taha de Marchena), is named Marquis de Torre Alta and he ordered the construction of the tower that has his name and that even nowadays kept in good condition, despite some remodelling of the original building.

Another religious building around Santa Fé, with chronology very difficult to define; but very similar in structure to the qubbas or holy men from North African, is the hermitage of the Virgen del Carmen. Also in the neighbourhood of the station, although in poor condition are the family vault of Almansa Bocanegra, built in 1.870 by descendants of the first Almansa who came to this land when the Christian conquest.

In the XIX century, Santa Fe de Mondújar reaches an unprecedented economic and demographic boom, with a maximum population that reaches 1.218 inhabitants, and is due to the expansion uvero and especially the railway line started in 1.877 (that although at first its aim was to dispose of the strong grapevine production, once it was used to transport the ore from the Sierra de Gádor and later Alquife)

The first of the two railway bridges available to Santa Fé was built in 1.893, which is designed in the studios of the famous engineer Eiffel who combines traditional engineering this type of constructions (made from stone quarrying in the pilasters) with the latest advances in the use of iron (as a base element of the beams that had to hold the tracks.

In 1.973 another bridge was built based on new elements such as concrete beams, by not offering the old viaduct enough security guarantees to support the weight of trains loaded with iron ore from the mines of Alquife.

The railway will continue having an impact throughout this century; in 1.911 it takes place the inauguration of the first railway of electric traction in Spain in the stretch between the stations of Santa Fe de Mondújar and Gérgal, in order to cover with an appropriate speed the steep slopes in the layout of the railway line. For this purpose is built in the area around the village and near the river an electric power plant, operating with coal at first and later with fuel oil, and was producing power until in 1.959 appears the new fuel oil locomotives with a great power. That factory gives the name to a pleasant recreational area and is still preserved intact its tall chimney.

Santa Fe de Mondujar Monuments

Mondujar Watchtower
Nuestra Señora del Rosario Church
Los Millares Archaeological Site

Santa Fe de Mondújar Gastronomy

Migas cortijeras. Pipirrana. Choto al ajillo. Conejo al ajo.

Sweets: Borrachillos. Papaviejos. Leche frita (dessert made from milk and flour fried in egg). Soplillo. Tortas de la Candelaria. Hornazos. Pan de higo.

How to get there

You have to exit Almería towards Huércal de Almería, cross this one and continue on Highway 340. Continue towards: Almería – E-15 – N-340 – Nijar – Murcia. At the roundabout, take the salida 1 and continue along: A-92A towards: A-92 – Benahadux – Guadix. Continue along: A-92A, follow the signs to Benahadux. Cross Benahadux. Continue along: A-348. Turn right: A-1075 and enter Santa Fe de Mondújar.

Distances from Santa Fe de Mondujar

Illar 15 km
Gádor 7 km
Almería 23 km
Alsodux 11 km
Tabernas 23 km
Canjáyar 27 km
Alboloduy 16 km
Instinción 17 km
Bentarique 12 km

Santa Fe de Mondújar

Santa Fe de Mondújar

Santa Fe de Mondújar

Santa Fe de Mondújar

Santa Fe de Mondújar

Virgen del Carmen

Un comentario

  1. Noraima Gonzalvez Bertot escribio:

    Le agradecería a los que trabajan en el archivo dicesano que me ayuden a encontrar la Partida de Bautismo de mi abuelo español, Juan Gonzalvez Egea, nació en Santa Fe de Mondujar 12 abril 1902 o 1903, migró a Cuba en 1913. Tengo fotos y documentos que demuestran su naturalidad española de Almería, en este lugar. Gracias

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