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Villages in Sevilla

Sevilla

Villages in Sevilla

Sevilla – Andalusia

Sevilla is located in the south-west of the Iberian Peninsula, in the centre of Andalucia.

Sevilla, capital of Andalusia, is the fourth city in Spain with regard to the number of inhabitants. It has 704.114 people in the urban district and the total population in the capital of the province is 1.758.720 inhabitants distributed in an area of 14.042 km2. Sevilla can be considered the artistic, cultural, financial, economic and social centre in the south of Spain.

It is only 6 metres above sea level, in the Fertile Plain and Countryside of river Guadalquivir, and on the Banks of this, it shapes an urban sprawl that spread over Aljarafe, The Marshes (Las Marismas), the National Park of Doñana, the North Sierra and South Sierra.

Sevilla was the mythical city of Tarsis that was established by Hercules and was transferred to his son Híspalo, from that it has its ancient name: Híspalis.

Its origins go back to the VIII century before Christ, during Tartessus Period starting from a village called Ispal. In this village was dealt with Greek, Carthaginian and Phoenician navigators. It was destroyed in II century before Christ in the wars between Carthaginians and Romans. When the Punic Wars finished it was reconstructed and called Híspalis.

During the Roman Age it belonged to Later Hispania and it passed to the Baetica after the administrative division of the emperor Diocleciano.

When Roman Empire fell in 428 the Vandals attacked the city and they destroyed many buildings, but later they were expelled by Goths. In 573 Leovigildo occupied the city. In this time we can mention some outstanding figures like San Leandro and San Isidoro, who was the author of The Etymologies (Las Etimologías).

During Al-Andalus time, for the first years of VIII century the Arabs arrived under the command of the general Musa ibn Nusayr and transformed Sevilla in one of the most beautiful cities of Al-Andalus from that it started to be known like Isbiliyya.

In IX century Normans attacked Sevilla provoking important damages and is Abderramán II the one who expelled them and fortifies the city. From 1013 the city shows an important period of prosperity thanks to faction kingdoms.

From 1086 Almoravids also stayed in the city and from 1144 were Almohads those who stayed there. It has its economic splendor because of the trade with North Africa. It was built the big mosque, The Giralda.

In 1248 Fernando III carried out the Christian conquest.

The discovery of America gives to Sevilla a new impulse. In 1503 it is founded the House of Hiring in order to control the coming and going of people and goods of America. The port makes the city more prosperous and this prosperity has an influence on the architecture, images and painting. It is transformed into one of the most important cities in the West.

Because of the increase in the size of the boats and its draught it started to be hard to come in through river Guadalquivir, and at the beginning of XVIII century, all American commerce is supervised by Cádiz, and with this Sevilla suffers a decline.

During XIX century Sevilla is known internationally through the stories told by many travelers who visited it.

With the celebration of the Latin-American Exhibition in 1929, during XX century started its modernization, creating a town planner infrastructure according to present-day.

Towards the end of the seventies the democracy is established and Sevilla is proclaimed capital of Autonomous Region of Andalucía.

Monuments in Seville

  1. Avenue of Hércules
  2. Arch of la Macarena
  3. Old Audience
  4. Old Railway of Córdoba
  5. Old Tobacco Plant
  6. General Registry of Indias
  7. Town Hall of Sevilla
  8. Basilica of la Macarena
  9. Chapel of San José
  10. Chapel of Santa María de Jesús
  11. Chapel of Patrocinio
  12. House of Pilatos
  13. House of Pinelo
  14. Casino of la Exposición and Theatre Lope de Vega
  15. Cathedral
  16. Graveyard of San Fernando
  17. Convent of la Encarnación
  18. Convent of Madre de Dios
  19. Convent of Santa Inés
  20. Convent of Santa Isabel
  21. Convent of Santa Paula
  22. Convent of Santa Rosalía
  23. Bus Station
  24. Railway Station. Santa Justa
  25. Giralda de Sevilla
  26. Roundabout de Bécquer
  27. Hospital of las Cinco Llagas – Parliament de Andalucía
  28. Hospital of los Venerables Sacerdotes
  29. Hospital Church of la Santa Caridad
  30. Church of la Anunciación
  31. Church of San Juan de la Palma
  32. Church of San Julián
  33. Church of San Luis
  34. Church of San Marcos
  35. Church of Santa María la Blanca
  36. Church of Santa Marina
  37. Church of Antiguo Colegio de San Hermenegildo
  38. Church of Santo Angel
  39. Itálica
  40. Monastery of San Clemente
  41. Monastery of Santa María de las Cuevas (Monasterio de La Cartuja)
  1. Archaeological Museum
  2. Contemporary Art Museum
  3. Art and Popular Habits Museum
  4. Fine Arts Museum
  5. Seaside Museum Torre del Oro
  6. Regional Military Museum
  7. Armoury Museum
  8. Royal Pavilion
  9. Archbishop’s Palace
  10. Palace of Countess de Lebrija
  11. Palace of Dueñas
  12. Palace of San Telmo
  13. Parish Church of la Magdalena
  14. Parish Church of Nuestra Señora de la O
  15. Parish Church of San Esteban
  16. Parish Church of San Gil
  17. Parish Church of San Ildefonso
  18. Parish Church of San Isidoro
  19. Parish Church of San Jacinto
  20. Parish Church of San Leandro
  21. Parish Church of San Lorenzo y Temple of Gran Poder
  22. Parish Church of San Nicolás
  23. Parish Church of San Pedro
  24. Parish Church of San Román
  25. Parish Church of San Vicente
  26. Parish Church of Santa Ana
  27. Parish Church of Santa Catalina
  28. Parish Church of Santa Cruz
  29. Parish Church of Divino Salvador
  30. Parish Church of Sagrario and Santa Iglesia Catedral
  31. Parish Church Omnium Sanctorum
  32. Footbridge of la Cartuja
  33. Square of España
  34. Bullring of la Real Maestranza
  35. Bridge of la Barqueta
  36. Bridge of Triana
  37. Bridge of Cachorro
  38. Reales Alcázares
  39. Theatre of la Maestranza
  40. Tower of Don Fadrique and Convent of Santa Clara
  41. Tower of Oro

Gastronomy

Tripes. Oxtail. Prawns with vinaigrette sauce. Meat of beef in Sevilla style. Meat of Venison. Ptarmigan with sauce of vinegar, oil and garlic. Duck in Sevilla style. ” Yosemite” Trout. Snails in Andalucía style.

Sweets: Yolks of egg San Leandro. Borrachuelos (tipsy, soaked in liqueur) from Sevilla. Soldaditos of Pavía.

How to get there

Sevilla is a well connected city, especially after the work made because of Show which takes place in it in 1992 (EXPO-92).

By Road:

From Madrid and Cordoba by the Motorway N-IV (E5).

From Portugal and Huelva by the Motorway A-49.

From Murcia, Almeria, Granada and Málaga by the Motorway A-92.

From Cádiz and Jerez by N-IV or by the toll Motorway A-4(E5).

From Asturias, Castilla y León, Mérida and Portugal by N-630.

By Plane – Train – AVE (High Speed Train) – Bus

Distances

To Málaga 199 km
To Córdoba 137 km
To Huelva 94 km
To Almería 403 km
To Jaén 230 km
To Granada 251 km
To Cádiz 122 km
To Madrid 514 km
To Badajoz 211 km


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