Tabernas – Tabernas Desert Natural Park
Tabernas is not only a municipality, a village, a castle, a desert, it is all that and also: Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, North Africa, Saudi Arabia… Thanks to the magic of cinema these unique and distinctive landscapes, nowadays protected under the name of Paraje Natural del Desierto de Tabernas, have been known throughout the world. Also thanks to the cinema perhaps it must be appreciated its true value of this unique space, besides all that, it is ideal to install here the largest European centre for solar energy, the Plataforma Solar de Almería, with its three thousand hours of sunshine annually.
Part of its territory belongs to the Paraje Natural Sierra de Alhamilla, a place of great ecological and landscape interest due to its lush vegetation (consisting of an oak forest that is well preserved and pine reforestation), and because of its ornithological importance.
The name of Tabernas comes from the Greek legions that who accompanied the Romans, they called it “THABERNAX” THABERNAE due to the large number of inns and taverns that had to be set up to supply the troops, assisting the coaches and rest to the horses.
There were found prehistoric settlements, as the Poblado de Terrera Ventura (2850-1950 B. C), agro-pastoral and livestock settlement from the Neolithic. Some of the archaeological remains that were found are displayed in the exhibition at the Museum of Almería, among them you can observe grattoirs, arrowheads, shell pendants, spoons, etc..
In the Muslim era the splendour is achieved due to its strategic position. At the top of the hill you can observe the ruins of a castle. This fortress was the most powerful of the province of Almería after the Alcazaba, and considered impregnable during the Arab domination. However it could not prevent the attack and plundering of pirates in 1.566, and the Moorish uprising of 1568.
Another splendour age began in 1.956 with the first filming in Tabernas of the western film “Ojo por ojo”. The landscape of Tabernas area was selected since then by many directors to create their works. This fact made that in 1.969 was decree declared Almería a preferential area for the film industry.
Parish Church of Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación. Mudejar style. It retains a coffered ceiling.
Hermitage de San Sebastián. Built over a synagogue.
Sanctuary of La Virgen de las Angustias. Historicist style.
Town Hall, XVIII and XIX centuries.
Nasrid castle. In it there were found El Zagal and the Catholic Monarchs and the kingdom Isabel la Católica slept there. Nowadays it is in ruins.
Poblado de Terrera Ventura, 2.850-1950 B. C. Agro-pastoral and livestock settlement from the Neolithic age.
Architecture of whitewashed houses.
Plaza J. Bellver. Neoclassic style.
Sausages. Garlic soup. Pimentón o caldo colorao (a kind of fish casserole). Olla de trigo. Gazpachuelo a lo pobre (soup made with eggs and vinegar or lemon). Cocido en morcilla.
Gurullos (rural dish consisting mainly of soaked bread crumbs, drained and fried in lard and ingredients such as garlic, sausage and bacon among others). Escabechado. Choto al ajillo.
Sweets: Roscos. Bollos de nata. Hojaldres. Empandillas.
How to get there
You have to exit Almería. Take the road to Granada. Cross Huércal de Almería and go straight on. Take the national road N-340 towards: Huércal de Almería – Almería – E-15 – N-340 – Nijar – Murcia. At the roundabout, take the salida 2 and continue along: A-92A towards: A-92 – Benahadux – Guadix. Alleyway of Benahadux. At the roundabout, take the salida 3 and continue along: A-92 towards Guadix – Granada. Take the exit towards: Salida 376 – N-340a – Tabernas – Sorbas. At the roundabout, take the salida 2 and continue along: N-340A towards: Sorbas – Tabernas. Continue until you get Tabernas.
Distances from Tabernas
Níjar 44 km
Gérgal 25 km
Tahal 29 km
Gádor 19 km
Almería 33 km
Benahadux 22 km
Olula de Castro 26 km
Santa Fe de Mondújar 27 km