Valencina de la Concepción
Valencina de la Concepción
The town of Valencina de la Concepcion is located in the western sector of Sevilla, belonging to the region of Aljarafe. Its main centre is in the southern area of the municipal area.
Valencina, formerly known as Alcor, is located on a plateau where the Guadalquivir flowed in the past.
The term of Valencina first appears after the division of Seville in the middle of the XII century by King Fernando III. According to Professor of Medieval History D. Julio González in his book “El Repartimiento de Sevilla” (The cast of Seville) published in 1951, the place names of Roman origin made Spanish with the endings ina, ana, ena … So Valens – toponymy of a centre of population around a Roman villa, was named Valencina, as Constans into Constantine; Tursus, Tocina …
The second part of its name, de la Concepción, by agreement of the Town Hall, because, according to tradition, this town was the first that recognized the declaration of the dogma of La Inmaculada Concepción, that the Pope Pío IX promulgated in Rome December 8, 1854, but was told privately to the Infanta Dona María Luisa who lived in Seville, who told to his confessor, Father Manolito, Franciscan, who, in order to celebrate the supposed distinction which supposed his town knew before anyone the enactment of the dogma.
By Order of the Ministry of the Interior, February 14, 1948, it was authorized the change of name to “Valencia de la Concepción.”
The privileged position enjoyed by this town has marked its history: its rise, which makes control the space for many kilometres to the east and to the north, its proximity to the river; its abundance in natural resources (agriculture, livestock, mining and fishing) and the proximity to a mining area, the one of Aznalcóllar, made it possible for some 4500 years ago, in the Copper Age, were take the first human settlements.
In this town was settled a settlement that is one of the oldest cities in the West, where there were found numerous remains of huts, trenches, silos, water wells and a good number of dolmens.
In this place there was later a Roman villa, which then was a farmhouse or an Arab alcaria. During the Middle Ages, Valencina belonged to the family Los Ortices, creating then the title of Marquis of Valencina. In his hands would be the villa to the extinction of the Manors.
With the division after the Reconquest, most of the municipal area of Valencina became heritage of noble families from Seville until the XX century.
At the beginning of the XX century, most of the municipal area of Valencina was shared among the Marquis de Casamendaro, owners of the Hacienda de Torrijos – maybe the most important economic and territorial unity of the place, and the Counts of Tilly, owners of the Farmhouse and Mill with same name – dated in the XVII century, where we can find Mudejar, Baroque and neo-classic forms, that forms the very heart of town.
But there are a series of events that will change this situation: the landed nobility becomes replaced by a new employer with enormous influence on local society, Emilio Torres Reina “El Bombita”, a retired bullfighter who became owner of almost the Valencina half area.
Emilio Torres became the most powerful boss in Valencina, with an almost complete domination of local society. His performance, along with the lower representation of small and medium land, will give rise to development in this town a day labourer movement much stronger than in the rest of the municipalities in the district.
In the decades of 40 and 50 it will produce the abandonment and subsequent sale price almost balance of the properties of Emilio Torres, which will mark the first time in the history of Valencina, to the emergence of a relatively large group of smallholders, as well as some medium, previously small farmers, tenants or settlers. This is how the estates Valencina disappear. Now, most owners do not exceed 250 hectares.
Most of these new owners, from the circle of clients and partners of Emilio Torres, tend to maintain the system of socioeconomic relations and community power, but the balance of forces between them will prevent that none can become the new vertex system.
From the 60’s, with the emergence of a new industry rising socio-economic individuals, not linked to agriculture (small and medium-sized firms, freelancers, traders …), there is a gradual replacement of the role of agro-based groups these new groups.
Finally, in the years start a new process that is probably causing further changes in the socioeconomic structure of Valencina. This is the demographic expansion caused by absorption of people from the metropolis.
Valencina de la Concepción Monuments
Parish Church of Nuestra Señora de la Estrella
Chapel of La Hacienda Torrijos
Valencina de la Concepcion Archaeological Sites
Dolmen of la Pastora
Dolmen de Matarrubilla
Dolmen de Ontiveros
Yacimiento de la Edad de Bronce
Valencina de la Concepción Gastronomy
Migas. Cabrillas con tomate. Menudo. Caldereta de venado. Cocido de calabaza. Cola de toro. Potaje de tagarninas. Potaje de judías blancas y tagarninas. Sopa de tomate. Espinacas y collejas. Carne a la brasa. Pringá.
Sweets: Mantas doblás. Pestiños
Valencina de la Concepción – How to get there
From Sevilla, towards Huelva by the A 49, where we will take the exit towards Gines where we have to bind with the A-3126 that leads directly to Valencina.
From Extremadura, by the National Highway 630, take the exit Santiponce where subsequently we will connect with the SE 525 road that took us directly to Valencina.
From Huelva, by the highway A 49 towards Sevilla, where we will take the exit Gines which then bind to the A-3126 that leads directly to Valencina.
Distances from Valencina de la Concepción
Sevilla 9 km
Salteras 3,5 km
Espartinas 8 km
Tomares 7,5 km
Castilleja de la Cuesta 5 km
Villanueva del Ariscal 9 km
Mairena del Aljarafe 10 km