Villanueva de los Castillejos
Villanueva de los Castillejos
Villanueva de los Castillejos has an area of 26,400 hectares. and is 47 km from the capital. The municipality is bordered to the north by El Almendro and Alosno, to the east by San Bartolomé de la Torre and Gibraleón; Cartaya is to the south, to the southwest you find Sanlúcar de Guadiana, and El Granado to the West.
The landscape is quite high. It belongs to the southwestern foothills of Sierra Morena, which extend from northwest to southeast, separated by ravines and riverbanks banks responsible for the broken landscape. The highest peaks are located in the northeast, in the Sierra Urraca Alonso, where they reach 231 meters at the tops of the Gozal and 200 in el Pastillo. In the north, the peaks of las Cruces and el Obispo reach 190 meters, while to the south the height is lower, so hills like the Huertas reach 170 m., and the Loma del Paso, 142 m.
Throughout the area we can distinguish the following landscape units: oak meadows, eucalyptus areas, coastal areas, mining complexes and agricultural areas.
The climate is typically Mediterranean with oceanic influence, with cold winters where the average temperature of the coldest month is about 10 º C. Summers are warm, reaching averages that range between 24 and 26 º C. The average annual temperature is 18 º C.
As elsewhere in the Andévalo, in this area, human remains from prehistoric times have been found.
The territory occupied by the current town was first inhabited by the Celts Beturienses. During the Romanization of the area, which took place around the year 194 BC., the territory was made up of small fortified houses or “castilluelos” serving the main castle or Praesidium. There were some military, or rest houses that existed at certain distances along the road, and which had stores to provide supplies to travellers on the road leading from the mouth of the Guadiana to the city of Merida.
In the Muslim era, the place belonged to la Cora de Niebla. After the Reconquest it became part of the house of the Dukes of Béjar, segregated later by the Marquis of Gibraleón, at which point it became known as “el Lugar de Castillejos”.
On July 22, 1631 by Royal Charter, SM Felipe IV, gave to el Lugar de Castillejos the title of Town, and with it, a number of privileges to the inhabitants.
During the nineteenth century the town suffered as a result of the invasion by Napoleon’s troops, with devastating effect to both the population and crops. The neighbourhood was destroyed, homes and crops were destroyed, cattle were carried away … the terrible state in which la Villa de Castillejos found itself was due to the fact that the headquarters of the French troops were in the town itself.
After the War of Independence the town re-emerged gradually, with the population taking care of their scarce land, and working the meadows. In the twentieth century the town suffered a setback geographically, especially in the sixties, due to the rural exodus towards the capital.
Villanueva de los Castillejos Monuments
Church of la Purísima Concepción
Shrine of Piedras Albas
Villanueva de los Castillejos Gastronomy
Meringue: Beat the egg whiteuntil stiff, then add sugar. add grated lemon and icing sugar, and cook on low heat.
Yemas de Huevo: Beat egg yolks with sugar until you have a mass. Cook in a double boiler, stirring until set. The resulting mass is formed into small balls that are covered with caramel. then placed on marble and covered with oil to prevent sticking.
El Piñonate: Mix sugar with cream of tartar and boil. While boiling, then add the almonds until they are at the point of being candied. Pour into a greased mold. Split into pieces before it is allowed to cool.
Exit Huelva in the direction of Gibraleón. Go through this town and continue to San Bartolomé de la Torre. From there take the A-490 to Villanueva de los Castillejos.
From the Algarve it can be reached by crossing the river border Vila Real de Santo Antonio-Ayamonte, and then carrying on to Villanueva de los Castillejos.
Distances from Villanueva de los Castillejos
Huelva 47 km
Alosno 18 km
Trigueros 45 km
El Granado 15 km
El Almendro 0,8 km
Puebla de Guzmán 15 km
Sanlúcar de Guadiana 22 km
San Silvestre de Guzmán 15 km
San Bartolomé de la Torre 17 km