Zuheros Murcielagos Cave
Murcielagos Cave – Zuheros
The Murcielagos Cave is located at 980 meters above sea level. Its access gate is located on the northern side of the Macizo de Cabra, belonging to the Sierras Subbeticas wich formed about 55 million years ago as the Alps and the Pyrenees.
The geological origin of the Cave of the Bats is due to natural phenomena and chemical reactions of the rocks CALIZAS with the water as well as to the mechanical erosion of the wind and the water, that they are wearing and expanding the fissures and cracks.
After one or more natural cataclisms, the limestone was fractured. By these fractures, the water in passing, forms calcium bicarbonate that dissolves very easily giving rise to cavities and galleries taht are widened by the currents of water and air that circulates by them (mechanical erosion).
But the Cave of the Bats is still alive, stalactites and stalagmites continue to form, as it did many millions of years, which led to the state of the cave that we can now appreciate.
The Murcielagos Cave presents a route of about 800 meters. Between the Cave Grande and the Cave Chica (the two entrances). The dip between the first and the training room is 70 meters. Average temperatures at the entrance range between 22 and 24º C. and in the interior they range from 15 to 17º C., which remain constant throughout the year. The degree of environmental humidity is high, approximately 80%, varying this according to the outside climate.
Another characteristic of the Murcielagos Cave, due to the atmospheric pressure that varies with respect to the exterior, is the formation of drafts, also due to its two entrances, which causes that the cold air comes out through the mouth that is located lower (small cave).
The tour that begins with the large cave, shows us first the vestibule, with paleolithic engravings, followed by the Paso del Jubilado o Pasillo, where excavations have been made, since the 90s. After we acces to the Corredor de las Pinturas, where we must highlight schematic representations of goats and the ídolo ondulado (idole-hidden). From here we descends to the Sala de las Formaciones (the most beautiful place of the cave), here you will see stalactites, stalagmites, columns and human skeleton buried there some 4200 yeas BC.
The ascent begins with very beautiful formations in the form of “clusters of grapes” and later it is acceded to the room of the femur, named for the presence of a cemented femur. Then, the Caracol, gives way to the ramp, which communicates with the Paso del Jubilado o Pasillo from where you access the Sala de la Celosía o Campana (Room of the Celosia or Bell). Another large area of great beauty leads to the Sala de los Estratos or the Bats (sector excavated in 1962 and 1969). There is a litle left for the exit, which is shown by the lowering of the temperature and the current cold air.
Visit highly recommended.
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